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Somatostatin analogues (SSAs) can slow down the growth of neuroendocrine tumors. However, the mechanism remains unclear. Recent studies on patients with acromegaly suggest that SSAs may induce apoptosis, increase autophagy, and decrease cell proliferation of pituitary adenoma. Ki-67-labeling index is a marker of cellular proliferation; therefore, decreased levels are associated with inhibition of proliferation. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the Ki-67-labeling index of GH-secreting pituitary adenoma tissues in patients who had undergone pituitary surgery twice due to residual or recurrent tumors and had received SSA treatment between the two surgeries.
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Aggressive prolactin-secreting pituitary adenomas that are resistant to conventional therapy with dopamine agonists, surgery, and radiation pose a therapeutic challenge. The mTOR inhibitor everolimus ...
Growth hormone (GH) secreting pituitary adenomas are the main cause of acromegaly. Somatostatin analogs are the gold standard of medical therapy; however, resistance represents a big drawback in acrom...
Hypoglycaemia (low plasma glucose) is a serious and potentially fatal complication of insulin-treated diabetes. In healthy individuals, hypoglycaemia triggers glucagon secretion, which restores normal...
PET with somatostatin analogues (SSA PET/CT) enables the detection of cells with overexpression of somatostatin receptors, especially subtypes 2 and 5; this detection is variable depending on the type...
Pasireotide has been associated with tumor shrinkage in patients with Cushing's disease subjected to long term treatment. However, to date the implicated molecular mechanisms are poorly elucidated. He...
The objective of this study is to evaluate, in acromegalic patients with disease persistence after surgery who are treated with somatostatin analogues, the histopathological, clinical, mor...
Due to lack of hormone overproduction in non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs), only the symptomatic adenomas or large adenomas with proven growth and risk for symptoms in near future...
In the last two decades, somatostatin analogs have become a cornerstone of medical therapy for acromegaly. One year of treatment with octreotide-LAR (LAR) controls GH and IGF-I excess in 5...
Growth hormone secreting pituitary adenomas(GHomas) produce excessive GH, stimulating excessive insulin like growth factor 1(IGF-1) synthesis in the liver, thus causing multiple systemic c...
We will study the small intestine motility patterns in NET patients before and after treated with somatostatin analogues and compare these to healthy subjects. For this we will use the new...
A SOMATOSTATIN-secreting tumor derived from the pancreatic delta cells (SOMATOSTATIN-SECRETING CELLS). It is also found in the INTESTINE. Somatostatinomas are associated with DIABETES MELLITUS; CHOLELITHIASIS; STEATORRHEA; and HYPOCHLORHYDRIA. The majority of somatostatinomas have the potential for METASTASIS.
Neoplasms which arise from or metastasize to the PITUITARY GLAND. The majority of pituitary neoplasms are adenomas, which are divided into non-secreting and secreting forms. Hormone producing forms are further classified by the type of hormone they secrete. Pituitary adenomas may also be characterized by their staining properties (see ADENOMA, BASOPHIL; ADENOMA, ACIDOPHIL; and ADENOMA, CHROMOPHOBE). Pituitary tumors may compress adjacent structures, including the HYPOTHALAMUS, several CRANIAL NERVES, and the OPTIC CHIASM. Chiasmal compression may result in bitemporal HEMIANOPSIA.
Endocrine cells found throughout the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and in islets of the PANCREAS. D cells secrete SOMATOSTATIN that acts in both an endocrine and paracrine manner. Somatostatin acts on a variety of tissues including the PITUITARY GLAND; gastrointestinal tract; pancreas; and KIDNEY by inhibiting the release of hormones, such as GROWTH HORMONE; GASTRIN; INSULIN; and RENIN.
Tumors or cancer of the PANCREAS. Depending on the types of ISLET CELLS present in the tumors, various hormones can be secreted: GLUCAGON from PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS; INSULIN from PANCREATIC BETA CELLS; and SOMATOSTATIN from the SOMATOSTATIN-SECRETING CELLS. Most are malignant except the insulin-producing tumors (INSULINOMA).
Cell surface proteins that bind somatostatin and trigger intracellular changes which influence the behavior of cells. Somatostatin is a hypothalamic hormone, a pancreatic hormone, and a central and peripheral neurotransmitter. Activated somatostatin receptors on pituitary cells inhibit the release of growth hormone; those on endocrine and gastrointestinal cells regulate the absorption and utilization of nutrients; and those on neurons mediate somatostatin's role as a neurotransmitter.
Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Disorders Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several g...