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Superior disinfection effect of Escherichia coli by hydrothermal synthesized TiO-based composite photocatalyst under LED irradiation: Influence of environmental factors and disinfection mechanism.

07:00 EST 28th January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Superior disinfection effect of Escherichia coli by hydrothermal synthesized TiO-based composite photocatalyst under LED irradiation: Influence of environmental factors and disinfection mechanism."

The photocatalytic inactivation of Escherichia coli (E. coli) under light-emitting diode (LED) light irradiation was performed with P/Ag/AgO/AgPO/TiO photocatalyst to investigate the photocatalytic bactericidal activity. Our work showed that this composite photocatalyst possessed remarkable bacterial disinfection ability and could completely inactivate 10 cfu/mL of E. coli within just 40 min under the optimum catalyst loading of 0.5 g/L. The effects of different environmental factors, including light wavelength, light intensity, temperature, solution pH and inorganic ions, on the inactivation efficiency were evaluated. The results showed that bacteria inactivation by P/Ag/AgO/AgPO/TiO was more favorable with blue colored LED irradiation, light intensity at 750 W/m, temperature in the range of 30-37 °C and pH values at natural or slightly alkaline condition. The existence of different inorganic ions under normal environmental level had no significant impact on the bactericidal performance. In addition, during the inactivation process, the morphology changes of E. coli cells were directly observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and further proved by the measurement of K leakage from the inactivated E. coli. The results demonstrated that the photocatalytic inactivation caused drastic damage on bacterial cells membrane. Furthermore, the mechanisms of photocatalytic bacterial inactivation were also systemically studied and the results confirmed that the excellent disinfection activity of P/Ag/AgO/AgPO/TiO resulted from the major reactive species: h and ·O from photocatalytic process instead of the leakage of Ag (≤0.085 ± 0.005 mg/L) from photocatalyst. These results indicate that P/Ag/AgO/AgPO/TiO photocatalyst has promising potential for real water sterilization application.

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Name: Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)
ISSN: 1873-6424
Pages: 847-856

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