Malaria infection rates in Anopheles albimanus (Diptera: Culicidae) at Ipetí-Guna, a village within a region targeted for malaria elimination in Panamá.

07:00 EST 4th February 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Malaria infection rates in Anopheles albimanus (Diptera: Culicidae) at Ipetí-Guna, a village within a region targeted for malaria elimination in Panamá."

The Panamá Canal construction encompassed one of the first examples of malaria elimination. Nevertheless, malaria has uninterruptedly persisted in Native American populations living within a few kilometers of the Panamá Canal. Here, we present results from a monthly longitudinal study (May 2016 to March 2018), whose goal was to quantitatively describe seasonal patterns of Plasmodium spp. infection in Anopheles albimanus Wiedemann, and its association with environmental covariates, at Ipetí-Guna, a village within a region targeted for malaria elimination in Panamá. To detect Plasmodium spp. infections we employed a standard nested PCR on DNA extracts from mosquito pools of varying size, which were then used to estimate monthly infection rates using a maximum likelihood method. The infection rate estimates (IR) were analyzed using time series analysis methods to study their association with changes in rainfall, temperature, NDVI (a satellite derived vegetation index) and human biting rates (HBR). We found that mosquitoes were infected by Plasmodium vivax mainly from September to December, reaching a peak in December. Time series modeling showed malaria IR in An albimanus increased, simultaneously with HBR, and IR in the previous month. These results suggest that elimination interventions, such as mass drug administration, are likely to be more effective if deployed from the middle to the end of the dry season (March and April at Ipetí-Guna), when the likelihood of malaria infection in mosquitoes is very low and when curtailing human infections driving infections in mosquitoes can reduce malaria transmission, and increase the chance for elimination.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases
ISSN: 1567-7257


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) that are known vectors of MALARIA.

A species of mosquito in the genus Anopheles and the principle vector of MALARIA in Africa.

An order of the class Insecta. Wings, when present, number two and distinguish Diptera from other so-called flies, while the halteres, or reduced hindwings, separate Diptera from other insects with one pair of wings. The order includes the families Calliphoridae, Oestridae, Phoridae, Sarcophagidae, Scatophagidae, Sciaridae, SIMULIIDAE, Tabanidae, Therevidae, Trypetidae, CERATOPOGONIDAE; CHIRONOMIDAE; CULICIDAE; DROSOPHILIDAE; GLOSSINIDAE; MUSCIDAE; TEPHRITIDAE; and PSYCHODIDAE. The larval form of Diptera species are called maggots (see LARVA).

A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.

A family of the order DIPTERA that comprises the mosquitoes. The larval stages are aquatic, and the adults can be recognized by the characteristic wing venation, the scales along the wing veins, and the long proboscis. Many species are of particular medical importance.

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