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Severe seizures as a side effect of deep brain stimulation in the dorsal peduncular cortex in a rat model of depression.

07:00 EST 4th February 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Severe seizures as a side effect of deep brain stimulation in the dorsal peduncular cortex in a rat model of depression."

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has shown to have antidepressant effects in both human trials and animal studies. However, the optimal target and the underlying therapeutic mechanisms remain to be determined. In this study, we investigated if high frequency (HF) DBS in the dorsal peduncular cortex (DPC) alleviates depressive-like behavior in an experimental model of depression. Surprisingly, HF DBS in the DPC caused acute induction of seizures in ~40% of animals stimulated with clinically relevant stimulation parameters. Reducing the stimulation's amplitude by 50% did not alter seizure occurrence. Electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings showed seizures up to Racine stage IV lasting up to 4 min after cessation of stimulation. We conclude that HF DBS in the DPC is not suitable for mood-related experiments in rats but could be a potential model for seizure induction.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Epilepsy & behavior : E&B
ISSN: 1525-5069
Pages: 269-275

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

One of the CARBONIC ANHYDRASE INHIBITORS that is sometimes effective against absence seizures. It is sometimes useful also as an adjunct in the treatment of tonic-clonic, myoclonic, and atonic seizures, particularly in women whose seizures occur or are exacerbated at specific times in the menstrual cycle. However, its usefulness is transient often because of rapid development of tolerance. Its antiepileptic effect may be due to its inhibitory effect on brain carbonic anhydrase, which leads to an increased transneuronal chloride gradient, increased chloride current, and increased inhibition. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1991, p337)

Therapy for MOVEMENT DISORDERS, especially PARKINSON DISEASE, that applies electricity via stereotactic implantation of ELECTRODES in specific areas of the BRAIN such as the THALAMUS. The electrodes are attached to a neurostimulator placed subcutaneously.

Severe or complete loss of motor function on one side of the body. This condition is usually caused by BRAIN DISEASES that are localized to the cerebral hemisphere opposite to the side of weakness. Less frequently, BRAIN STEM lesions; cervical SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; and other conditions may manifest as hemiplegia. The term hemiparesis (see PARESIS) refers to mild to moderate weakness involving one side of the body.

Stimulation of the brain, which is self-administered. The stimulation may result in negative or positive reinforcement.

Congenital vascular anomalies in the brain characterized by direct communication between an artery and a vein without passing through the CAPILLARIES. The locations and size of the shunts determine the symptoms including HEADACHES; SEIZURES; STROKE; INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES; mass effect; and vascular steal effect.

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