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Modified chitin and magnetic particles are two important materials widely used in heavy metal removal studies. Loading of magnetic particles into conventional adsorbents has emerged as a recent convenient way to improve the properties of adsorptive materials. Compared to its deacetylated form chitosan, chitin has very limited use in removal of contaminants because of its insolubility in aqueous environments. This study reports an easy way to produce micro-sized chitin and gives details on loading of magnetic particles into micro-sized chitin to enhance the interaction of chitin with heavy metal contaminant; hexavalent chromium Cr(VI). Removal of Cr(VI) ions from the aquatic environments is of high importance considering its detrimental effects on human health. Chitin microcages that had been isolated from the ephippial eggs of Daphnia longispina (crustacean, water flea) were incorporated with magnetic particles. Chitin microcages and magnetic particles-loaded chitin microcages were tested in removal of Cr(VI) under different solution and operational parameters; adsorbent dosage, contact time, Cr(VI) ion concentration, pH and temperature. Magnetic particles-loaded chitin microcages yielded higher Cr(VI) removal performance under all the specified conditions; chitin microcages: 0.77 mmol/ g and particles-loaded chitin microcages: 1.29 mmol/ g.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of biological macromolecules
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Stable chromium atoms that have the same atomic number as the element chromium, but differ in atomic weight. Cr-50, 53, and 54 are stable chromium isotopes.
Unstable isotopes of chromium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Cr atoms with atomic weights of 46-49, 51, 55, and 56 are radioactive chromium isotopes.
Inorganic compounds that contain chromium as an integral part of the molecule.
A trace element that plays a role in glucose metabolism. It has the atomic symbol Cr, atomic number 24, and atomic weight 52. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP85-002,1985), chromium and some of its compounds have been listed as known carcinogens.
Specific alloys not less than 85% chromium and nickel or cobalt, with traces of either nickel or cobalt, molybdenum, and other substances. They are used in partial dentures, orthopedic implants, etc.