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Brachial plexus root avulsion (BPRA) results in the complete loss of motor function in the upper limb, mainly due to the death of spinal motoneurons (MNs). The survival of spinal MNs is the key to the recovery of motor function. Neuregulin-1 (Nrg1) plays fundamental roles in nervous system development and nerve repair. However, its functional role in BPRA remains unclear. On the basis of our findings that Nrg1 is down-regulated in the ventral horn in a mouse model of BPRA, Nrg1 may be associated with BPRA. Here, we investigated whether recombinant Nrg1β (rNrg1β) can enhance the survival of spinal MNs and improve functional recovery in mice following BPRA. In vitro studies on primary cultured mouse MNs showed that rNrg1β increased the survival rate in a dose-dependent manner, reaching a peak at 5 nM, which increased the survival rate and enhanced the pERK levels in MNs under HO-induced oxidative stress. In vivo studies revealed that rNrg1β improved the functional recovery of elbow flexion, promoted the survival of MNs, enhanced the re-innervation of biceps brachii, and decreased the muscle atrophy. These results suggest that Nrg1 may provide a potential therapeutic strategy for root avulsion.
This article was published in the following journal.
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A SMN complex protein that is closely-related to SURVIVAL OF MOTOR NEURON 1 PROTEIN. In humans, the protein is encoded by an often duplicated gene found near the inversion centromere of a large inverted region of CHROMOSOME 5.
A SMN complex protein that is essential for the function of the SMN protein complex. In humans the protein is encoded by a single gene found near the inversion telomere of a large inverted region of CHROMOSOME 5. Mutations in the gene coding for survival of motor neuron 1 protein may result in SPINAL MUSCULAR ATROPHIES OF CHILDHOOD.
A peptide factor originally identified by its ability to stimulate the phosphorylation the erbB-2 receptor (RECEPTOR, ERBB-2). It is a ligand for the erbB-3 receptor (RECEPTOR, ERBB-3) and the erbB-4 receptor. Variant forms of NEUREGULIN-1 occur through alternative splicing of its mRNA.
A heterogeneous group of compounds derived from rearrangements, oxidation, and cross-linking reactions that follow from non-enzymatic glycation of amino groups in proteins. They are also know as Maillard products. Their accumulation in vivo accelerates under hyperglycemic, oxidative, or inflammatory conditions. Heat also accelerates the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) such seen with the browning of food during cooking under or over high heat.
The survival of a graft in a host, the factors responsible for the survival and the changes occurring within the graft during growth in the host.
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