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After sciatic nerve injury, Schwann cells in the distal segments of injury site undergo apoptosis and meanwhile proliferation. Although apoptosis-induced proliferation (AiP) has been characterized in various models, whether the proliferation of Schwann cells in the distal segments is triggered by apoptosis remains unelucidated. In this study, we used small interfering RNA to knock down the expression of TNFR1 and TNFR2 in primarily cultured Schwann cells, respectively and observed its effects on apoptosis and proliferation. The downregulation of TNFR1 or TNFR2 resulted in a remarkable decrease of cell viability and dramatically increased the apoptosis of Schwann cells. In contrast, the cell apoptosis induced by the knockdown of TNFR2, but not TNFR1, promoted the Schwann cell proliferation. Together, these observations indicated that Schwann cells can undergo AiP, and TNFR2 knockdown triggers the process. Additionally, we established the sciatic nerve injury model on TNF-α knock-out (KO) mice, and found that the Schwann cells of KO mice occurred significantly less apoptosis and proliferation than that of wild-type mice in the distal segments, which indicated TNF-α and its receptors were essential in the massive apoptosis and the apoptosis-induced proliferation of Schwann cells after sciatic nerve injury. The finding of AiP in Schwann cells may be beneficial to develop new approaches to promote axon regeneration and thereby improve the functional recovery after peripheral nerve injury.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Neuroscience research
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A forkhead box transcription factor and transcriptional activator which triggers type 1 programmed cell death (APOPTOSIS) in the absence of APOPTOSIS INHIBITING PROTEINS, including neuronal cell death induced by OXIDATIVE STRESS. It recognizes and binds to the DNA sequence 5'-(AG)TAAA(TC)A-3' and also functions in post-transcriptional regulation of the c-MYC PROTO-ONCOGENE.
PKC beta encodes two proteins (PKCB1 and PKCBII) generated by alternative splicing of C-terminal exons. It is widely distributed with wide-ranging roles in processes such as B-cell receptor regulation, oxidative stress-induced apoptosis, androgen receptor-dependent transcriptional regulation, insulin signaling, and endothelial cell proliferation.
Various physiological or molecular disturbances that impair ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM function. It triggers many responses, including UNFOLDED PROTEIN RESPONSE, which may lead to APOPTOSIS; and AUTOPHAGY.
A member of the TNF receptor family that was initially identified as a DEXAMETHASONE-induced protein from a T-CELL line. It may play a role in regulating APOPTOSIS and modulating immune response by T-lymphocytes. Signaling by the activated receptor occurs through its association with TNF RECEPTOR-ASSOCIATED FACTORS.
A lymphohematopoietic cytokine that plays a role in regulating the proliferation of ERYTHROID PRECURSOR CELLS. It induces maturation of MEGAKARYOCYTES which results in increased production of BLOOD PLATELETS. Interleukin-11 was also initially described as an inhibitor of ADIPOGENESIS of cultured preadipocytes.