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In Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) the detection of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) is of high importance both for diagnostics, since drug resistance is primarily caused by the acquisition of SNPs in multiple drug targets, and for epidemiological studies in which strain typing is performed by SNP identification. To provide the necessary coverage of clinically relevant resistance profiles and strain types, nucleic acid-based measurement techniques must be able to detect a large number of potential SNPs. Since the Mtb problem is pressing in many resource-poor countries, requiring low-cost point-of-care biosensors, this is a non-trivial technological challenge. This paper presents a proof-of-concept in which we chose simple DNA-DNA hybridization as a sensing principle since this can be transferred to existing low-cost hardware platforms, and we pushed the multiplex boundaries of it. With a custom designed probe set and a physicochemical-driven data analysis it was possible to simultaneously detect the presence of SNPs associated with first- and second-line drug resistance and Mtb strain typing. We have demonstrated its use for the identification of drug resistance and strain type from a panel of phylogenetically diverse clinical strains. Furthermore, reliable detection of the presence of a minority population (<5%) of drug-resistant Mtb was possible.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
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An inbred strain of mouse that is used as a general purpose research strain, for therapeutic drug testing, and for the genetic analysis of CARCINOGEN-induced COLON CANCER.
Direct nucleotide sequencing of gene fragments from multiple housekeeping genes for the purpose of phylogenetic analysis, organism identification, and typing of species, strain, serovar, or other distinguishable phylogenetic level.
Using MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques, such as DNA SEQUENCE ANALYSIS; PULSED-FIELD GEL ELECTROPHORESIS; and DNA FINGERPRINTING, to identify, classify, and compare organisms and their subtypes.
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...