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CD11bLy6G myeloid-derived suppressor cells promote liver regeneration in a murine model of major hepatectomy.

07:00 EST 7th February 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "CD11bLy6G myeloid-derived suppressor cells promote liver regeneration in a murine model of major hepatectomy."

Liver regeneration depends on sequential activation of pathways and cells involving the remaining organ in recovery of mass. Proliferation of parenchyma is dependent on angiogenesis. Understanding liver regeneration-associated neovascularization may be useful for development of clinical interventions. Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) promote tumor angiogenesis and play a role in developmental processes that necessitate rapid vascularization. We therefore hypothesized that the MDSCs could play a role in liver regeneration. Following partial hepatectomy, MDSCs were enriched within regenerating livers, and their depletion led to increased liver injury and postoperative mortality, reduced liver weights, decreased hepatic vascularization, reduced hepatocyte hypertrophy and proliferation, and aberrant liver function. Gene expression profiling of regenerating liver-derived MDSCs demonstrated a large-scale transcriptional response involving key pathways related to angiogenesis. Functionally, enhanced reactive oxygen species production and angiogenic capacities of regenerating liver-derived MDSCs were confirmed. A comparative analysis revealed that the transcriptional response of MDSCs during liver regeneration resembled that of peripheral blood MDSCs during progression of abdominal tumors, suggesting a common MDSC gene expression profile promoting angiogenesis. In summary, our study shows that MDSCs contribute to early stages of liver regeneration possibly by exerting proangiogenic functions using a unique transcriptional program.-Nachmany, I., Bogoch, Y., Sivan, A., Amar, O., Bondar, E., Zohar, N., Yakubovsky, O., Fainaru, O., Klausner, J. M., Pencovich, N. CD11bLy6G myeloid-derived suppressor cells promote liver regeneration in a murine model of major hepatectomy.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
ISSN: 1530-6860
Pages: fj201801733R

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