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Liver regeneration depends on sequential activation of pathways and cells involving the remaining organ in recovery of mass. Proliferation of parenchyma is dependent on angiogenesis. Understanding liver regeneration-associated neovascularization may be useful for development of clinical interventions. Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) promote tumor angiogenesis and play a role in developmental processes that necessitate rapid vascularization. We therefore hypothesized that the MDSCs could play a role in liver regeneration. Following partial hepatectomy, MDSCs were enriched within regenerating livers, and their depletion led to increased liver injury and postoperative mortality, reduced liver weights, decreased hepatic vascularization, reduced hepatocyte hypertrophy and proliferation, and aberrant liver function. Gene expression profiling of regenerating liver-derived MDSCs demonstrated a large-scale transcriptional response involving key pathways related to angiogenesis. Functionally, enhanced reactive oxygen species production and angiogenic capacities of regenerating liver-derived MDSCs were confirmed. A comparative analysis revealed that the transcriptional response of MDSCs during liver regeneration resembled that of peripheral blood MDSCs during progression of abdominal tumors, suggesting a common MDSC gene expression profile promoting angiogenesis. In summary, our study shows that MDSCs contribute to early stages of liver regeneration possibly by exerting proangiogenic functions using a unique transcriptional program.-Nachmany, I., Bogoch, Y., Sivan, A., Amar, O., Bondar, E., Zohar, N., Yakubovsky, O., Fainaru, O., Klausner, J. M., Pencovich, N. CD11bLy6G myeloid-derived suppressor cells promote liver regeneration in a murine model of major hepatectomy.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
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A heterogeneous, immature population of myeloid cells that can suppress the activity of T-CELLS and NATURAL KILLER CELLS in the INNATE IMMUNE RESPONSE and ADAPTIVE IMMUNE RESPONSE. They play important roles in ONCOGENESIS; INFLAMMATION; and INFECTION.
Stem cells derived from HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS. Derived from these myeloid progenitor cells are the MEGAKARYOCYTES; ERYTHROID CELLS; MYELOID CELLS; and some DENDRITIC CELLS.
Clonal expansion of myeloid blasts in bone marrow, blood, and other tissue. Myeloid leukemias develop from changes in cells that normally produce NEUTROPHILS; BASOPHILS; EOSINOPHILS; and MONOCYTES.
An extramedullary tumor of immature MYELOID CELLS or MYELOBLASTS. Granulocytic sarcoma usually occurs with or follows the onset of ACUTE MYELOID LEUKEMIA.
Form of leukemia characterized by an uncontrolled proliferation of the myeloid lineage and their precursors (MYELOID PROGENITOR CELLS) in the bone marrow and other sites.
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