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Angiotensin II induces apoptosis of human right and left ventricular endocardial endothelial cells by activating the AT2 receptor.

07:00 EST 7th February 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Angiotensin II induces apoptosis of human right and left ventricular endocardial endothelial cells by activating the AT2 receptor."

Endocardial endothelial cells (EECs) form a monolayer lining the ventricular cavities. Studies from our laboratory and the literature have shown differences between EECs isolated from the right and left ventricles (EECRs and EECLs respectively). Angiotensin II (Ang II) was shown to induce apoptosis of different cell types mainly via AT1 receptor activation. In this study, we verified whether Ang II induces apoptosis of human EECRs and EECLs and via which type of receptor. Using the Annexin V labeling and in situ TUNEL assays, our results showed that Ang II-induced apoptosis of both hEECRs and hEECLs in a concentration-dependent manner. Our results using specific AT1 and AT2 receptor antagonists showed that the Ang II-induced apoptosis in both hEECRs and hEECLs is mediated mainly via the AT2 receptor. However, AT1 receptor blockade partially prevented Ang II-induced apoptosis, particularly in hEECRs. Hence, our results suggest that mainly AT2 receptors mediate Ang II-induced apoptosis of hEECRs and hEECLs. The damage of EECs would affect their function as a physical barrier between the blood and cardiomyocytes thus affecting cardiomyocyte functions.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology
ISSN: 1205-7541
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