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This article provides an overview of symptomatic torsional deformities of the lower extremity, and operative treatment techniques are described in detail. A definition of torsion versus rotation as well as information to physical examination and the relevance of radiological evaluation is given. Based on current literature and the own personal experience of the authors in osteotomies, surgical techniques at the proximal and at the distal femur, as well as at the tibia are presented.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The journal of knee surgery
Torsional osteotomy of the distal femur allows anatomic treatment of patellofemoral instability and patellofemoral pain syndrome in cases of increased femoral antetorsion. The purpose of this study wa...
The aim of this study is to evaluate, by computed tomography (CT), whether different torsional changes occur in the tibia following a lateral closed wedge high tibial osteotomy (CWHTO) versus a medial...
Pure torsional shear tests of joints glued with two different aerospace grade adhesives were performed using a specifically designed and constructed torsional shear test equipment. The developed test ...
The purpose of this study is to analyze the clinical results after treatment of patellofemoral instability and maltracking caused by torsional or axial deformities of the lower extremity by combined d...
Re-establishing anatomic rotational alignment of shaft fractures of the lower extremities remains challenging. Clinical evaluation in combination with radiological measurements is important in pre- an...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the visual outcomes, amount of inflammation, endothelial cell loss, and the efficiency of a torsional handpiece compared to a conventional handpiec...
Prospective study enrolling patients with cerebral palsy and with subluxation of the hips > 40% and acetabular dysplasia. The patients will be stratified according the degree of subluxatio...
Pain treatment after periacetabular osteotomy is traditionally based on systemic opioids wich have side effects. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the analgetic effect of wound infi...
Although older children and high dislocations may be more likely to require a femoral shortening osteotomy, the ultimate decision about whether or not to shorten a given femur should depen...
The primary objective is to compare the effect of torsional phacoemulsification and longitudinal phacoemulsification on central and peripheral corneal thickness/volume after cataract surge...
Transverse sectioning and repositioning of the maxilla. There are three types: Le Fort I osteotomy for maxillary advancement or the treatment of maxillary fractures; Le Fort II osteotomy for the treatment of maxillary fractures; Le Fort III osteotomy for the treatment of maxillary fractures with fracture of one or more facial bones. Le Fort III is often used also to correct craniofacial dysostosis and related facial abnormalities. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p1203 & p662)
Intraoral OSTEOTOMY of the lower jaw usually performed in order to correct MALOCCLUSION.
The surgical cutting of a bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Surgery of the upper jaw bone usually performed to correct upper and lower jaw misalignment.
Sagittal sectioning and repositioning of the ramus of the MANDIBLE to correct a mandibular retrusion, MALOCCLUSION, ANGLE CLASS III; and PROGNATHISM. The oblique sectioning line consists of multiple cuts horizontal and vertical to the mandibular ramus.
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...