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Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is common and can lead to significant cognitive decline, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Therefore, the present study was conducted to investigate whether SDB is associated with AD onset. This study used the nationwide health check-up cohort data between 2002 and 2015. The study population comprised individuals who were diagnosed with SDB and those without SDB who were matched by using propensity score. The matched cohort was followed up until the onset of AD, death, or end of 2015. A multivariate Cox proportional hazard model was used in the analysis. There were 727 (16.7%) patients in the SDB group between 2002 and 2005 and 3635 subjects (83.3%) in the propensity score-matched non-SDB group. After adjusting for the possible confounding variables, patients with SDB were almost 1.58 times more likely to develop AD than those without SDB (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.575, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.013-2.448). The present study showed that SDB was associated with an onset of AD. The findings of this study highlight the importance of the interventions to raise awareness of SDB and the need for the government's support to reduce the barrier in accessing appropriate SDB treatment.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Psychiatry research
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Simultaneous and continuous monitoring of several parameters during sleep to study normal and abnormal sleep. The study includes monitoring of brain waves, to assess sleep stages, and other physiological variables such as breathing, eye movements, and blood oxygen levels which exhibit a disrupted pattern with sleep disturbances.
Periods of sleep manifested by changes in EEG activity and certain behavioral correlates; includes Stage 1: sleep onset, drowsy sleep; Stage 2: light sleep; Stages 3 and 4: delta sleep, light sleep, deep sleep, telencephalic sleep.
Dyssomnias (i.e., insomnias or hypersomnias) associated with dysfunction of internal sleep mechanisms or secondary to a sleep-related medical disorder (e.g., sleep apnea, post-traumatic sleep disorders, etc.). (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration. This condition may be idiopathic (primary) or associated with lower brain stem lesions; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LUNG DISEASES, OBSTRUCTIVE); HEART FAILURE, CONGESTIVE; medication effect; and other conditions. Sleep maintenance is impaired, resulting in daytime hypersomnolence. Primary central sleep apnea is frequently associated with obstructive sleep apnea. When both forms are present the condition is referred to as mixed sleep apnea (see SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMES). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395; Neurol Clin 1996;14(3):611-28)
Movements or behaviors associated with sleep, sleep stages, or partial arousals from sleep that may impair sleep maintenance. Parasomnias are generally divided into four groups: arousal disorders, sleep-wake transition disorders, parasomnias of REM sleep, and nonspecific parasomnias. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p191)
Sleep disorders disrupt sleep during the night, or cause sleepiness during the day, caused by physiological or psychological factors. The common ones include snoring and sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnias, sleep paralysis, restless legs syndrome, circa...
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
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