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The KSHV portal protein ORF43 is essential for the production of infectious viral particles.

07:00 EST 1st February 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The KSHV portal protein ORF43 is essential for the production of infectious viral particles."

Herpesvirus capsid assembly involves cleavage and packaging of the viral genome. The Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) open reading frame 43 (orf43) encodes a putative portal protein. The portal complex functions as a gate through which DNA is packaged into the preformed procapsids, and is injected into the cell nucleus upon infection. The amino acid sequence of the portal proteins is conserved among herpesviruses. Here, we generated an antiserum to ORF43 and determined late expression kinetics of ORF43 along with its nuclear localization. We generated a recombinant KSHV mutant, which fails to express ORF43 (BAC16-ORF43-null). Assembled capsids were observed upon lytic induction of this virus; however, the released virions lacked viral DNA and thus could not establish infection. Ectopic expression of ORF43 rescued the ability to produce infectious particles. ORF43 antiserum and the recombinant ORF43-null virus can provide an experimental system for further studies of the portal functions and its interactions.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Virology
ISSN: 1096-0341
Pages: 205-215

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