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Herpesvirus capsid assembly involves cleavage and packaging of the viral genome. The Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) open reading frame 43 (orf43) encodes a putative portal protein. The portal complex functions as a gate through which DNA is packaged into the preformed procapsids, and is injected into the cell nucleus upon infection. The amino acid sequence of the portal proteins is conserved among herpesviruses. Here, we generated an antiserum to ORF43 and determined late expression kinetics of ORF43 along with its nuclear localization. We generated a recombinant KSHV mutant, which fails to express ORF43 (BAC16-ORF43-null). Assembled capsids were observed upon lytic induction of this virus; however, the released virions lacked viral DNA and thus could not establish infection. Ectopic expression of ORF43 rescued the ability to produce infectious particles. ORF43 antiserum and the recombinant ORF43-null virus can provide an experimental system for further studies of the portal functions and its interactions.
This article was published in the following journal.
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) latently infects host cells and establishes lifelong persistence as an extra-chromosomal episome in the nucleus. To persist in proliferating cells, the v...
During lytic replication of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), a nuclear viral long noncoding RNA known as PAN RNA becomes the most abundant polyadenylated transcript in the cell. Knockou...
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is the etiologic agent of three human malignancies, the endothelial cell cancer Kaposi's sarcoma, and two B cell cancers, Primary Effusion Lymphoma and m...
Kaposi's Sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) and Epstein Barr virus (EBV) are the causative agents of several malignancies. Like all herpesviruses, KSHV and EBV undergo distinct latent and lytic rep...
The Tyr705 STAT3 constitutive activation, besides promoting PEL cell survival, contributes to the maintenance of viral latency. We found indeed that its de-phosphorylation by AG490 induced KSHV lytic ...
This research is being done to determine whether viral thymidine kinase (TK) expression in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Kaposi's sarcoma herpesvirus (KSHV) virus-associated tumors is suff...
To determine the seroprevalence of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV/HHV8) in blood donors from Texas. Also to examine the donors' demographic characteristics and to characteri...
Portal hypertension is not a disease in itself. Rather, it is an indication of an illness, caused mostly by chronic lesions of the liver because of distinct causes, such as viral infection...
The aim of the investigators' study is to elucidate the relationship between a functional liver test (e.g., ICG) and the PREOPERATIVE value of portal hypertension in the patients with imp...
BACKGROUND: A number of important scientific advances can be made through the study of blood, bone marrow, tumor, or other tissue samples from patients with HIV infection, infection with K...
Abnormal increase of resistance to blood flow within the hepatic PORTAL SYSTEM, frequently seen in LIVER CIRRHOSIS and conditions with obstruction of the PORTAL VEIN.
Suspensions of attenuated or killed viruses administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious viral disease.
Dilated blood vessels in the ESOPHAGUS or GASTRIC FUNDUS that shunt blood from the portal circulation (PORTAL SYSTEM) to the systemic venous circulation. Often they are observed in individuals with portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL).
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A TALE-type homeodomain protein and transcription factor that functions as a regulator of PAX6 PROTEIN expression and as an activator of PLATELET FACTOR 4 gene expression. It is essential for hematopoiesis, differentiation of MEGAKARYOCYTES, and vascular patterning. It may also have a role in the induction of myeloid leukemias.
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...