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Establishment of electrochemical zones for remediation of dissolved chlorinated solvents in natural settings was studied. An undivided 1D-experimental column set-up was designed for the assessment of the influence of site-extracted contaminated groundwater flowing through a sandy aquifer material, on the execution of laboratory testing. A three-electrode system composed of palladium coated pure iron cathodes and a cast iron anode was operated at 12 mA under varying flow rates. The natural settings added complexity through a diverse groundwater chemistry and resistance in the sand. In addition, significant precipitation of iron released through anode corrosion was observed. Nevertheless, the complex system was successfully modelled with a simple geochemical model using PHREEQC. A ranking of the significances of system parameters on the laboratory execution of electrochemical remediation in natural settings was proposed: Geological properties > anode corrosion > site-extracted contaminated groundwater > the carbonate system > sulphate > hydrology > less significant unidentified parameters. This study provides insight in actual challenges that need to be overcome for in situ electrochemical remediation.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of hazardous materials
The objective of this research was to evaluate slow-release permanganate and unactivated persulfate for in situ treatment of dioxane and associated chlorinated solvents. Laboratory batch studies with ...
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Vinyl chloride (VC) is a common groundwater contaminant and known human carcinogen. Three major bacterial guilds are known to participate in VC biodegradation: aerobic etheneotrophs and methanotrophs,...
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Use of cutaneous electrochemical conductance for preclinical screening of small-caliber nerve fibers
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A scanning probe microscopy technique that uses an ultramicroelectrode as the scanning probe that simultaneously records changes in electrochemical potential as it scans thereby creating topographical images with localized electrochemical information.
Chlorinated ethanes which are used extensively as industrial solvents. They have been utilized in numerous home-use products including spot remover preparations and inhalant decongestant sprays. These compounds cause central nervous system and cardiovascular depression and are hepatotoxic. Include 1,1,1- and 1,1,2-isomers.
Restoration of an environment, ecosystem, or habitat that was physically damaged during land development or by natural disaster, or contaminated by ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS. This is accomplished by various chemical, biological, and bulk movement methods, in conjunction with ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING.
An electrochemical technique for measuring the current that flows in solution as a function of an applied voltage. The observed polarographic wave, resulting from the electrochemical response, depends on the way voltage is applied (linear sweep or differential pulse) and the type of electrode used. Usually a mercury drop electrode is used.
Membrane transporters that co-transport two or more dissimilar molecules in the opposite direction across a membrane. Usually the transport of one ion or molecule is against its electrochemical gradient and is "powered" by the movement of another ion or molecule with its electrochemical gradient.