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Tobacco use disorder (TUD), in particular cigarette smoking, contributes significantly to the macro- and micro-vascular complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Persons with DM who regularly use tobacco products are twice as likely to experience mortality and negative health outcomes. Despite these risks, TUD remains prevalent in persons with DM. The objective of this integrative review is to summarize the relationship between TUD and DM based on epidemiological and preclinical biological evidence. We conclude with a review of the literature on the glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) as a potential treatment target for addressing comorbid TUD in smokers with DM.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Diabetes research and clinical practice
To evaluate the association between glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) and the risk of bone fracture in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
To reveal potential association between glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) concentration in serum and mild cognitive function impairment (MCI) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients.
Recent studies have demonstrated that residual beta cells may be present in some people with long-standing type 1 diabetes, but little is known about the potential impact of this finding on alpha cell...
The glucagon-like peptide-1 analog liraglutide reduced cardiovascular events and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in the LEADER trial (Liraglutide and Cardiovascular Outcomes in Typ...
Due to uncomfortable injection regimens of peptidic agonists of glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1R), orally available non-peptide positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) of GLP-1 receptors are for...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether Glucose-dependent Insulinotropic Polypeptide (GIP) or Glucagon Like Peptide 2 (GLP-2) has an affect on the secretion of Glucagon from the ...
The ability of glucagon-like peptide 1 to enhance beta-cell responsiveness to I.v. glucose is impaired in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus compared with healthy individuals. We inves...
We aim to demonstrate that oral administration of glibenclamide stimulates pancreatic glucagon secretion during hypoglycemia in insulin-deficient (C-peptide negative) patients with type 1 ...
study hypothesis: treatment with GLP-1 and/or GIP is able to potentiate the maximal stimulated insulin secretion even in c-peptide negative type-1 diabetic patients classified as having no...
The purpose of this study is to identify the safest dose of very low dose glucagon to prevent hypoglycemia in patients with Type I diabetes who use insulin pumps and to measure the the amo...
An analog of GLUCAGON-LIKE PEPTIDE 1 and agonist of the GLUCAGON-LIKE PEPTIDE 1 RECEPTOR that is used as a HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENT and supplemental therapy in the treatment of DIABETES MELLITUS by patients who do not respond to METFORMIN.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
Compounds that supress the degradation of INCRETINS by blocking the action of DIPEPTIDYL-PEPTIDASE IV. This helps to correct the defective INSULIN and GLUCAGON secretion characteristic of TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS by stimulating insulin secretion and suppressing glucagon release.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).
Vascular relates to blood vessels (Oxford Medical Dictionary) and can be used to describe the supply of blood, a disease affecting the blood vessels or molecules associated with these structures. For example, <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->atherosclerosis ...