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Multiplicative noise is beneficial for the transmission of sensory signals in simple neuron models.

07:00 EST 5th February 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Multiplicative noise is beneficial for the transmission of sensory signals in simple neuron models."

We study simple integrate-and-fire type models with multiplicative noise and consider the transmission of a weak and slow signal, i.e. a signal that evokes a small modulation of the instantaneous firing rate on time scales that are much larger than the membrane time scale and the mean interspike interval. The specific question of interest is whether and how the state-dependence of the noise can be optimized with respect to information transmission. First, in a simple model in which the noise intensity varies linearly with the state variable, we show analytically that multiplicative fluctuations may benefit the signal transfer and we elucidate the mechanism for this improvement. In a conductance-based integrate-and-fire model with synaptically filtered shot-noise input, we show by means of extended numerical simulations that also in a biophysically more relevant situation, multiplicative noise can enhance the signal-to-noise ratio. Our results shed light on a so far unexplored aspect of stochastic signal transmission in neural systems.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Bio Systems
ISSN: 1872-8324
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