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We study simple integrate-and-fire type models with multiplicative noise and consider the transmission of a weak and slow signal, i.e. a signal that evokes a small modulation of the instantaneous firing rate on time scales that are much larger than the membrane time scale and the mean interspike interval. The specific question of interest is whether and how the state-dependence of the noise can be optimized with respect to information transmission. First, in a simple model in which the noise intensity varies linearly with the state variable, we show analytically that multiplicative fluctuations may benefit the signal transfer and we elucidate the mechanism for this improvement. In a conductance-based integrate-and-fire model with synaptically filtered shot-noise input, we show by means of extended numerical simulations that also in a biophysically more relevant situation, multiplicative noise can enhance the signal-to-noise ratio. Our results shed light on a so far unexplored aspect of stochastic signal transmission in neural systems.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bio Systems
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The communication from a NEURON to a target (neuron, muscle, or secretory cell) across a SYNAPSE. In chemical synaptic transmission, the presynaptic neuron releases a NEUROTRANSMITTER that diffuses across the synaptic cleft and binds to specific synaptic receptors, activating them. The activated receptors modulate specific ion channels and/or second-messenger systems in the postsynaptic cell. In electrical synaptic transmission, electrical signals are communicated as an ionic current flow across ELECTRICAL SYNAPSES.
A voltage-gated sodium channel subtype that is expressed in nociceptors, including spinal and trigeminal sensory neurons. It plays a role in the transmission of pain signals induced by cold, heat, and mechanical stimuli.
Cell adhesion molecules that mediate neuron-neuron adhesion and neuron-astrocyte adhesion. They are expressed on neurons and Schwann cells, but not astrocytes and are involved in neuronal migration, neurite fasciculation, and outgrowth. Ng-CAM is immunologically and structurally distinct from NCAM.
Noise present in occupational, industrial, and factory situations.
The transmission and reception of electric impulses or signals by means of electric waves without a connecting wire, or the use of these waves for the wireless transmission of electric impulses into which sound is converted. (From Webster's 3d)