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Targeted lipopolysaccharide biosynthetic intermediate analysis with normal-phase liquid chromatography mass spectrometry.

07:00 EST 8th February 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Targeted lipopolysaccharide biosynthetic intermediate analysis with normal-phase liquid chromatography mass spectrometry."

Lipopolysacharride (LPS) forms the outer leaflet of the outer membrane in Gram-negative bacteria and contributes to the permeability barrier and immune response. In this study, we established a method for monitoring the LPS biosynthetic intermediates of the Raetz pathway (lpxA-lpxK) in Escherichia coli. Metabolites from compound-treated cells and genetically-perturbed cells were extracted from whole cells and concentrated by mixed-mode weak anion exchange (WAX) solid-phase extraction (SPE) prior to analysis by normal phase (NP)LC-MS/MS. Data was normalized to cell density and an internal standard prior to comparison against untreated cells in order to determine fold accumulation and depletion for affected metabolites. Using this LC-MS/MS method, we were able to reliably monitor changes in levels of the LPS intermediates in response to compound-treatment and genetic modification. In addition, we found that deletion of periplasmic CDP-diacylglycerol pyrophosphatase dramatically increased levels of the UDP-containing LPS intermediates, suggesting the enzymatic breakdown during sample preparation. This assay allows for probing a key essential pathway in Gram-negative bacteria in an effort to discover antibacterial agents that inhibit enzymes in the LPS biosynthetic pathway.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: PloS one
ISSN: 1932-6203
Pages: e0211803

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