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The combined anaerobic baffled reactors (ABRs) of heterotrophic and sulfur-based autotrophic processes were first investigated for the removal of high perchlorate concentration under different feeding strategies. The removal efficiency of the step-feeding ABR (SF-ABR) reached 97.56% at 800 mg/L perchlorate, which was significantly superior to the normal-feeding ABR (NF-ABR). In three components of the extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), the fluorescence intensity of the tryptophan-like component were identified by fluorescence excitation-emission matrix (EEM) spectra with parallel factor (PARAFAC) analysis, and exhibited a positive relationship with the perchlorate removal rate in the heterotrophic perchlorate reduction unit (HPR unit) of the SF-ABR (R = 0.9791) and NF-ABR (R = 0.9860). Bacterial community analysis suggested the dominating perchlorate reducing bacteria and the diversity in two ABRs. Principal component analysis indicated that the electron donor affected the microbial community structures. The study confirms that the SF-ABR is a powerful bioreactor for the combined heterotrophic and sulfur-based autotrophic process.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bioresource technology
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A family of microscopic freshwater EUKARYOTA, commonly known as golden algae. They share many features with the BROWN ALGAE but are planktonic rather than benthic. Though most are photosynthetic, they are not considered truly autotrophic since they can become facultatively heterotrophic in the absence of adequate light. In this state they can feed on BACTERIA or DIATOMS.
Microscopic fresh water algae in the family Chrysophyceae. They share many features with the BROWN ALGAE but are planktonic rather than benthic. Though most are photosynthetic, they are not considered truly autotrophic since they can become facultatively heterotrophic in the absence of adequate light. In this state they can feed on BACTERIA or DIATOMS.
A genus of gram-negative rod-shaped bacteria in the class GAMMAPROTEOBACTERIA. They are obligately acidophilic and aerobic, using reduced SULFUR COMPOUNDS to support AUTOTROPHIC GROWTH.
A strictly autotrophic species of bacteria that oxidizes sulfur and thiosulfate to sulfuric acid. It was formerly called Thiobacillus thiooxidans.
Process of classifying cells of the immune system based on structural and functional differences. The process is commonly used to analyze and sort T-lymphocytes into subsets based on CD antigens by the technique of flow cytometry.