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Intake of trans fatty acids (TFAs) from partially hydrogenated vegetable oil is associated with a variety of adverse outcomes, but little is known about the health effects of ruminant trans fats. Trans-vaccenic acid (TVA) is a naturally occurring TFA found in the fat of ruminants and in human dairy products. The present study was conducted to investigate the anticancer activity and underlying mechanisms of TVA on human nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) 5-8F and CNE-2 cells.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Lipids in health and disease
The vitamin A derivative 9-cis-retinoic acid (9-cis-RA) has been used for the treatment and prevention of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). However, the precise mechanism by which 9-cis-RA treatment a...
Melanoma is a common and aggressive skin cancer caused by the oncogenic transformation of melanocytes. NPS-2143 (hydrochloride) is a calcification drug that acts as an antagonist of the calcium-sensin...
Trans-palmitoleic acid (trans-C16:1 n-7 or trans-Δ9-C16:1, TPA) is believed to improve several metabolic parameters according to epidemiological data. TPA may mainly come from direct intakes: however...
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a varied set of hematologic neoplasms and a high risk of progression to acute myeloid leukemia (AML). 4-Amino-2-trifluoromethyl-phenyl retinate (ATPR), a novel all-...
Dihydroartemisinin (DHA), the primary of artemisinin extracted from the traditional Chinese medicine Artemisia annua, has been used in malaria treatment for a long time. Recently, many studies have in...
The objectives of this study are to : 1) determine if vaccenic acid (trans-11-octadecenoic, a naturally occurring trans fatty acid isomer from ruminant animal products) raises LDL choleste...
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of two doses purified EPA (an omega-3 fatty acid), on apoptosis (natural cell death) and cell proliferation (formation of new cells) in...
The investigators' project has as for principal objective to understand the impact of trans fatty acids from dairy products and industrial origin on the development of insulin resistance i...
ABC-108 is a single-arm Phase IIA clinical study of ABC294640 in the treatment of cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). In this clinical study, all participants will be receiving ABC294640. The study ...
Effect of Conjugated Linoleic Acid Alone and in Conjunction With Vitamin E on Insulin Sensitivity, Beta Cell Function, Markers of Inflammation, Body Fat Mass and Other Biochemical Indicators in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) comprise a family of linoleic acid (18:2n-6; LA) isomers that are formed by biohydrogenation and oxidation processes in nature. The main form of CLA, cis-9...
Transcriptional trans-acting proteins of the promoter elements found in the long terminal repeats (LTR) of HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 1 and HUMAN T-LYMPHOTROPIC VIRUS 2. The tax (trans-activator x; x is undefined) proteins act by binding to enhancer elements in the LTR.
A forkhead box transcription factor that is expressed in the developing eyelid and during very early development of the gonad, prior to sex determination. It is essential for development of the ovary and inhibits SOX9 TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR to prevent differentiation to testes. It also induces APOPTOSIS in ovarian cells. Mutations in the FOXL2 gene are associated with BLEPHAROPHIMOSIS; Ptosis, and Epicanthus inversus (BPES with ovarian failure).
A picolinic acid derivative isolated from various Fusarium species. It has been proposed for a variety of therapeutic applications but is primarily used as a research tool. Its mechanisms of action are poorly understood. It probably inhibits DOPAMINE BETA-HYDROXYLASE, the enzyme that converts dopamine to norepinephrine. It may also have other actions, including the inhibition of cell proliferation and DNA synthesis.
An anticholesteremic agent that inhibits sterol biosynthesis in animals.
UNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS that contain at least one double bond in the trans configuration, which results in a greater bond angle than the cis configuration. This results in a more extended fatty acid chain similar to SATURATED FATTY ACIDS, with closer packing and reduced fluidity. HYDROGENATION of unsaturated fatty acids increases the trans content.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...