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Mycobacterium marinum as a cause of human and animal infections.

07:00 EST 1st December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Mycobacterium marinum as a cause of human and animal infections."

Mycobacterium marinum is a slowly growing non-tuberculous (environmental, atypical) mycobacterium with zoonotic potential. It occurs in the aquatic environment and causes diseases in fish and other aquatic animals known as mycobacterioses. In humans, it primarily causes skin infections, which are most commonly located in the upper limbs. The disease commonly appears in connection with the aquarium environment and is thus referred to as fish tank granuloma. As with all mycobacterial diseases, treatment is complicated and lengthy. For a definitive determination of the pathogen, biological materials should always be examined in a laboratory specializing in diagnosing mycobacteria. Critical for the right diagnosis is proper sample collection and assessment of the patient's history. To detect mycobacteria, culture and microscopy are generally used. Species are identified using modern biological methods such as mass spectrometry (MALDI), polymerase chain reaction, hybridization probes or sequencing.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Klinicka mikrobiologie a infekcni lekarstvi
ISSN: 1211-264X
Pages: 112-117

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Infections with so called atypical mycobacteria (tuberculoid bacilli): M. kansasii, M. marinum, M. scrofulaceum, M. flavescens, M. gordonae, M. obuense, M. gilvum, M. duvali, M. szulgai, M. intracellulare (see MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX;), M. xenopi (littorale), M. ulcerans, M. buruli, M. terrae, M. fortuitum (minetti, giae), M. chelonae.

Infections with nontuberculous mycobacteria (atypical mycobacteria): M. kansasii, M. marinum, M. scrofulaceum, M. flavescens, M. gordonae, M. obuense, M. gilvum, M. duvali, M. szulgai, M. intracellulare (see MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX;), M. xenopi (littorale), M. ulcerans, M. buruli, M. terrae, M. fortuitum (minetti, giae), M. chelonae.

So-called atypical species of the genus MYCOBACTERIUM that do not cause tuberculosis. They are also called tuberculoid bacilli, i.e.: M. buruli, M. chelonae, M. duvalii, M. flavescens, M. fortuitum, M. gilvum, M. gordonae, M. intracellulare (see MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX;), M. kansasii, M. marinum, M. obuense, M. scrofulaceum, M. szulgai, M. terrae, M. ulcerans, M. xenopi.

So-called atypical species of the genus MYCOBACTERIUM. They are also called tuberculoid bacilli, i.e.: M. buruli, M. chelonae, M. duvalii, M. flavescens, M. fortuitum, M. gilvum, M. gordonae, M. intracellulare (see MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX;), M. kansasii, M. marinum, M. obuense, M. scrofulaceum, M. szulgai, M. terrae, M. ulcerans, M. xenopi.

Infections with bacteria of the genus MYCOBACTERIUM.

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