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American Spirit cigarettes feature American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) imagery in the branding, are marketed as environmentally friendly, without additives, and four varieties contain organic tobacco. This study is the first to examine retail price of American Spirit relative to other cigarette brands and to assess how its price varies by neighborhood demography.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Natural American Spirit (NAS) cigarettes feature a pro-environment marketing campaign on the packs. The NAS "Respect for the Earth" campaign is the first example of on-the-pack corporate social respon...
U.S. smokers of Natural American Spirit, a brand marketed as "organic" and "additive-free," are more likely than other cigarette smokers to believe that their brand might be less harmful than other br...
Imposing policies that increase tobacco prices is a key strategy for reducing smoking prevalence, although it may result in more cigarette trafficking. In 2013, New York City (NYC) passed the Sensible...
Cuba is a tobacco-producing country that has been economically isolated as a consequence of an embargo imposed by the USA. It has also experienced a severe economic depression in the 1990s after the w...
Companies need to ensure that customers perceive their brands as intended, with strong and unique associations, when facing a competitive market. Traditionally, brand associations are measured using c...
The investigators' study seeks to explore the impact of price information on physicians' ordering behavior and care quality. The investigators will evaluate the impact of the physician pri...
The proposed study will adapt and pilot test an efficacious advance care planning interventions, SPIRIT (Sharing Patient's Illness Representations to Increase Trust), with patients with mi...
This study will compare nicotine delivery and smoking behaviour in healthy subjects using several combustible cigarette prototypes containing different ingredients which are commonly used ...
The purpose of this study is to determine differences in nicotine delivery, user behavior, subjective effects, and physiological effects, when cigarette smokers use an two new electronic c...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether an in-home, paraprofessional-delivered family strengthening curriculum entitled Family Spirit is effective at increasing parental competen...
An increase in the volume of money and credit relative to available goods resulting in a substantial and continuing rise in the general price level.
Works consisting of lists giving the prices of items for sale, including drugs, equipment, books, etc. Price lists are less detailed than catalogs and not as long.
The idea that abnormal behavior or a medical condition is evidence that a person is under the control of a supernatural power or spirit. This belief was most commonly held in religion and medicine of the medieval period and is also held in many tribal cultures today.
The philosophical view that conceptions of truth and moral values are not absolute but are relative to the persons or groups holding them. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed)
Coded listings of physician or other professional services using units that indicate the relative value of the various services they perform. They take into account time, skill, and overhead cost required for each service, but generally do not consider the relative cost-effectiveness. Appropriate conversion factors can be used to translate the abstract units of the relative value scales into dollar fees for each service based on work expended, practice costs, and training costs.