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With focused transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) we rapidly and non-invasively receive up-to-date information on a patient's hemodynamic status. These can subsequently influence our therapy and thus our risk management. Postoperatively, TTE has proved its worth as an examination method in the recovery room and in the intensive care unit to promptly diagnose life-threatening causes of circulatory depression. Acute pathology such as a pericardial tamponade or fulminant pulmonary artery embolism can be detected quickly and thus possibly time-consuming transport to a CT can be avoided. Also, preoperatively, the use of TTE may be useful for assessing volume status, pumping function, or hemodynamically relevant heart defects. Especially in surgical interventions with a high perioperative risk of complications, these findings can be incorporated into a goal-directed therapy. Corresponding algorithms for enhanced hemodynamic monitoring and volume management already exist in many areas, but they are often not consistently implemented in the processes of their own clinic. In this article, we demonstrate the utility and relevance of TTE hemodynamic evaluation at every stage of patient care. We also present a possible algorithm for the care of critically ill patients, based on the main transthoracic and hemodynamic measurements. It is intended to provide assistance in the meaningful use of TTE in everyday clinical practice and especially for those on on-call duty.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Anasthesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie : AINS
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Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.
Echocardiography amplified by the addition of depth to the conventional two-dimensional ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY visualizing only the length and width of the heart. Three-dimensional ultrasound imaging was first described in 1961 but its application to echocardiography did not take place until 1974. (Mayo Clin Proc 1993;68:221-40)
Echocardiography applying the Doppler effect, with the superposition of flow information as colors on a gray scale in a real-time image.
Dynamic three-dimensional echocardiography using the added dimension of time to impart the cinematic perception of motion. (Mayo Clin Proc 1993;68:221-40)
A method of examining and setting levels of payments.
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An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...