Hypertension Caused by Renal Arteriovenous Fistula with Multiple Renal Artery Aneurysms.

07:00 EST 12th February 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Hypertension Caused by Renal Arteriovenous Fistula with Multiple Renal Artery Aneurysms."

Renal arteriovenous fistula with renal artery aneurysms and dilated renal veins presents as an infrequent lesion. Endovascular therapy has recently been considered the first-line treatment for these conditions. We report a case of a patient with idiopathic renal arteriovenous fistula concomitant with multiple renal artery aneurysms that was successfully treated by the placement of a covered stent.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Annals of vascular surgery
ISSN: 1615-5947


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Narrowing or occlusion of the RENAL ARTERY or arteries. It is due usually to ATHEROSCLEROSIS; FIBROMUSCULAR DYSPLASIA; THROMBOSIS; EMBOLISM, or external pressure. The reduced renal perfusion can lead to renovascular hypertension (HYPERTENSION, RENOVASCULAR).

Persistent high BLOOD PRESSURE due to KIDNEY DISEASES, such as those involving the renal parenchyma, the renal vasculature, or tumors that secrete RENIN.

Functional KIDNEY FAILURE in patients with liver disease, usually LIVER CIRRHOSIS or portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL), and in the absence of intrinsic renal disease or kidney abnormality. It is characterized by intense renal vasculature constriction, reduced renal blood flow, OLIGURIA, and sodium retention.


An abnormal direct communication between an artery and a vein without passing through the CAPILLARIES. An A-V fistula usually leads to the formation of a dilated sac-like connection, arteriovenous aneurysm. The locations and size of the shunts determine the degree of effects on the cardiovascular functions such as BLOOD PRESSURE and HEART RATE.

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