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Treatment with atypical antipsychotics is today the election therapy for different types of psychosis, but there is a high incidence of endocrine and metabolic disturbances. One of the major enzymes involved in the metabolism of antipsychotics is CYP2D6. Depending on the existing CYP2D6 alleles, the metabolic capacity of the enzyme may vary from very low to very high, so that patients can be grouped into four phenotypic groups: slow, intermediate, extensive (normal), and fast metabolizers.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Irish journal of medical science
Significantly lower CYP2D6 metabolism measured as the O/N-desmethylvenlafaxine metabolic ratio in carriers of CYP2D6*41 versus CYP2D6*9 or CYP2D6*10 - A study on therapeutic drug monitoring data from 1,003 genotyped Scandinavian patients.
CYP2D6*9, CYP2D6*10 and CYP2D6*41 are the most frequent reduced-function CYP2D6 alleles in Caucasians. Despite lacking in vivo evidence, they are collectively classified with an enzyme activity score ...
Atomoxetine is a norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor indicated in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. It is primarily metabolized by CYP2D6 to its equipotent metabolite, 4-hydroxy...
There are few and conflicting data on the role of cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) polymorphisms in relation to risperidone adverse events (AEs) in children. This study assessed the association between CY...
Treatment non-response and adverse reactions are common in patients receiving antidepressants. Personalizing psychiatric treatment based on pharmacogenetic testing has been proposed to help clinicians...
Metoprolol (a CYP2D6 substrate) is often co-prescribed with paroxetine/fluoxetine (a CYP2D6 inhibitor) because the clinical relevance of this drug-drug interaction (DDI) is still unclear. This review ...
CYP2D6 is characterized by a huge variability in the general population, mainly because of genetic polymorphism and drug-drug interactions (DDIs). CYP2D6 genotype is known to have an impac...
Cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) is an important enzyme in the body for breaking down many medications that are commonly used in children of various ages. The purpose of this proposal is to i...
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of chronic elevated levels of Prolactin on metabolism and insulin sensitivity by studying patients with hyperprolactinemia before an...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the use of the non-ergoline dopamine agonist ropinirole for the treatment of hyperprolactinemia in patients with idiopathic hyperprolactinemia and ...
Pupillometry will be performed before administration of tramadol, at T0 and then 1 to twice per hour in children having received tramadol as a pain killer as part of his/her routine care. ...
Drugs and compounds which inhibit or antagonize the biosynthesis or actions of CYTOCHROME P-450 CYP2D6.
Drugs and compounds that induce the synthesis of CYTOCHROME P-450 CYP2D6.
Persistent detrimental effects from treatment for a condition. Included are effects from surgery such as POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS, and from DRUG THERAPY, such as CHEMICALLY INDUCED DISORDERS, or other THERAPEUTICS. Failure to attain a desired outcome from treatment for the condition is not considered an adverse effect.
Abnormal growths of tissue that follow a previous neoplasm but are not metastases of the latter. The second neoplasm may have the same or different histological type and can occur in the same or different organs as the previous neoplasm but in all cases arises from an independent oncogenic event. The development of the second neoplasm may or may not be related to the treatment for the previous neoplasm since genetic risk or predisposing factors may actually be the cause.
Anxiety disorders manifested by the development of characteristic symptoms following a psychologically traumatic event that is outside the normal range of usual human experience. Symptoms include re-experiencing the traumatic event, increased arousal, and numbing of responsiveness to or reduced involvement with the external world. Traumatic stress disorders can be further classified by the time of onset and the duration of these symptoms.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Disorders Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several g...