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De novo histoid leprosy in a Colombian patient with multiple skin nodules on the ears and extremities.

07:00 EST 14th February 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "De novo histoid leprosy in a Colombian patient with multiple skin nodules on the ears and extremities."

Histoid leprosy is an uncommon form of lepromatous leprosy with distinct clinical, histopathological, immunological, and bacteriological features. This variant usually occurs in multibacillary patients who have irregular or inadequate treatment. Herein, we report a case of de novo histoid leprosy diagnosed in a patient from Cali, Colombia. In endemic areas, histoid leprosy should be in the differential diagnosis of any patient presenting with skin nodules. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are recommended for mitigating the impact of histoid leprosy cases, which are important reservoirs of Mycobacterium leprae.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
ISSN: 1678-9849
Pages: e20160502

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A form of LEPROSY classified by the World Health Organization for the purpose of treatment, based on clinical manifestations and skin smear results. Patients with paucibacillary leprosy have fewer than six skin lesions with no causative agent MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE on any slit-skin smear testing. Paucibacillary leprosy encompasses indeterminate, borderline tuberculoid, and tuberculoid leprosy.

A form of LEPROSY classified by the World Health Organization for the purpose of treatment, based on clinical manifestations and skin smear results. Patients with multibacillary leprosy have six or more lesions with or without positive skin smear results for the causative agent MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE. Multibacillary leprosy encompasses borderline lepromatous, midborderline, and lepromatous leprosy.

A principal or polar form of LEPROSY in which the skin lesions are few and are sharply demarcated. Peripheral nerve involvement is pronounced and may be severe. Unlike lepromatous leprosy (LEPROSY, LEPROMATOUS), the lepromin test is positive. Tuberculoid leprosy is rarely a source of infection to others.

A chronic communicable infection which is a principal or polar form of LEPROSY. This disorder is caused by MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE and produces diffuse granulomatous skin lesions in the form of nodules, macules, or papules. The peripheral nerves are involved symmetrically and neural sequelae occur in the advanced stage.

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