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Astroglial networks mediated by gap junction channels contribute to neurotransmission and promote neuronal coordination. Connexin 30, one of the two main astroglial gap junction forming protein, alters at the behavioral level the reactivity of mice to novel environment and at the synaptic level excitatory transmission. However, the role and function of Cx30 at the neuronal network level remain unclear. We thus investigated whether Cx30 regulates neuronal population bursts and associated convulsive behavior. We found in vivo that Cx30 is upregulated by kainate-induced seizures and that it regulates in turn the severity of associated behavioral seizures. Using electrophysiology ex vivo, we report that Cx30 regulates aberrant network activity via control of astroglial glutamate clearance independently of gap-junction mediated biochemical coupling. Altogether, our results indicate that astroglial Cx30 is an important player in orchestrating neuronal network activity.
This article was published in the following journal.
Astrocytes play key roles in brain functions through dynamic interactions with neurons. One of their typical features is to express high levels of connexins (Cxs), Cx43 and Cx30, the gap junction (GJ)...
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To evaluate the antitumor activity and safety/tolerability of the combination (mFOLFOX + Pembrolizumab) in patients with potentially resectable adenocarcinoma of the Gastroesophageal Junct...
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Clusters of neuronal cell bodies in invertebrates. Invertebrate ganglia may also contain neuronal processes and non-neuronal supporting cells. Many invertebrate ganglia are favorable subjects for research because they have small numbers of functional neuronal types which can be identified from one animal to another.
Differences in measurable biological values, characteristics, or traits, among individuals of a population or between population groups.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Morphological or behavioral traits influenced by various living conditions that a population encounters especially as it pertains to REPRODUCTION and survival of the population (see POPULATION DYNAMICS) such as age at first reproductive event, number and size of offspring, and lifespan.