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The occurrence of antibiotics in wastewater has become a serious concern due to the possible development of antibiotic resistant bacteria in wastewater treatment process. In order to understand the dynamics of microbial community and tetracycline resistance genes in biological nutrient removal (BNR) process, three lab-scale sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) were operated under the stress of tetracycline. Results indicated that microbial community structure was altered, and tetracycline efflux pump genes were enhanced over 150-day operation in the presence of trace tetracycline of 20 and 50 μg L, respectively. Furthermore, when the initial tetracycline concentrations were increased to 2 and 5 mg L, substantial enhancement of tetracycline resistance was observed, accompanied with a sharp shift in microbial community structure. In this study, horizontal gene transfer was found to be the main mechanism for the development of tetracycline resistance genes under the long-terms stress of trace tetracycline. About 90.34% of the observed variations in tetracycline resistance genes could be explained by the dynamics of potential hosts of tetracycline resistance genes and class 1 integron. It should be noticed that the functional bacteria (e.g. Nitrospira, Dechloromonas, Rhodobacter and Candidatus_Accumulibacter) responsible for nutrient removal were positively correlated with tetracycline resistance, which might promote the prevalence of tetracycline resistance during biological wastewater treatment. Consequently, this study provided in-depth insights into the occurrence and prevalence of tetracycline resistance genes and their microbial hosts in BNR process.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of environmental management
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Nonsusceptibility of bacteria to the action of TETRACYCLINE which inhibits aminoacyl-tRNA binding to the 30S ribosomal subunit during protein synthesis.
A frequent complication of drug therapy for microbial infection. It may result from opportunistic colonization following immunosuppression by the primary pathogen and can be influenced by the time interval between infections, microbial physiology, or host resistance. Experimental challenge and in vitro models are sometimes used in virulence and infectivity studies.
The ability of microorganisms, especially bacteria, to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).
A semisynthetic antibiotic related to TETRACYCLINE. It is more readily absorbed than TETRACYCLINE and can be used in lower doses.
A TETRACYCLINE analog, having a 7-dimethylamino and lacking the 5 methyl and hydroxyl groups, which is effective against tetracycline-resistant STAPHYLOCOCCUS infections.
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