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Studies of the digestive microbiota of ruminant animals most often focus on the bacterial diversity in the rumen or the feces of the animals, but little is known about the diversity and functions of their distal intestine. Here, the bacterial microbiota of the distal intestinal tract of two goats and two camels was investigated by metagenomics techniques. The bacterial taxonomic diversity and carbohydrate-active enzyme profile were estimated for samples taken from the small intestine, the large intestine, and the rectum of each animal. The bacterial diversity and abundance in the small intestine were lower than in the rectal and large intestinal samples. Analysis of the carbohydrate-active enzyme profiles at each site revealed a comparatively low abundance of enzymes targeting xylan and cellulose in all animals examined, similar to what has been reported earlier for sheep and therefore suggesting that plant cell wall digestion probably takes place elsewhere, such as in the rumen.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International microbiology : the official journal of the Spanish Society for Microbiology
Carbohydrates are attached and removed in living systems through the action of carbohydrate-active enzymes such as glycosyl transferases and glycoside hydrolases. The molecules resulting from these en...
Black Bengal goats possess a rich source of rumen microbiota that helps them to adapt for the better utilization of plant biomaterial into energy and nutrients, a task largely performed by enzymes enc...
Lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs) are copper-dependent enzymes that catalyze the cleavage of 1,4-glycosidic bonds various plant cell wall polysaccharides and chitin. In contrast to glycoside...
Bovine milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) has shown many health benefits, however, there has not been much study on non-cattle MFGMs. The purpose of this study was to compare the anti-proliferation effe...
A rapid mass spectrometry method for determining the anomeric configuration of the sugar at the reducing end of an oligosaccharide was demonstrated. The method was employed to identify the nascent ano...
To examine the differential effect of camel and cow milk on the physiological response, to a liquid mixed-meal challenge, in people with normal glucose tolerance
The purpose this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effect of a functional goat cheese on obese and overweight people with altered lipid profile. The functional goat cheese containing p...
The study will examine the performance and body composition effects of ketogenic vs carbohydrate-based diets, determine the carbohydrate tolerance ("carbohydrate threshold") for active ind...
This randomized pilot phase I trial studies the side effects of human lysozyme goat milk in treating patients with blood cancer undergoing a donor stem cell transplant. Sometimes the trans...
This work also highlights the presence of an unknown virus double-stranded DNA. In this project we propose 1) incorporating a bank of 150 samples from patients with diabetic foot infection...
Diseases of the domestic or wild goat of the genus Capra.
Molecules that contain multiple active sites which are used to catalyze more than one enzymatic reaction. Proteins in this class generally contain multiple active sites within a single peptide chain and may also contain more than one enzymatically active subunit. They are distinguished from MULTIENZYME COMPLEXES in that their subunits are not found as distinct enzymes.
Proteins that share the common characteristic of binding to carbohydrates. Some ANTIBODIES and carbohydrate-metabolizing proteins (ENZYMES) also bind to carbohydrates, however they are not considered lectins. PLANT LECTINS are carbohydrate-binding proteins that have been primarily identified by their hemagglutinating activity (HEMAGGLUTININS). However, a variety of lectins occur in animal species where they serve diverse array of functions through specific carbohydrate recognition.
The genomic analysis of assemblages of organisms.
Flavoproteins that catalyze reversibly the reduction of carbon dioxide to formate. Many compounds can act as acceptors, but the only physiologically active acceptor is NAD. The enzymes are active in the fermentation of sugars and other compounds to carbon dioxide and are the key enzymes in obtaining energy when bacteria are grown on formate as the main carbon source. They have been purified from bovine blood. EC 22.214.171.124.
Enzymes are proteins that catalyze (i.e., increase the rates of) chemical reactions. In enzymatic reactions, the molecules at the beginning of the process, called substrates, are converted into different molecules, called products. Almost all chemical re...