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Chronic cough is one of the most common reasons children seek care from their pediatrician. A cough can be distressing both to the patient and family as it may raise concerns for a significant underlying diagnosis that could warrant a thorough investigation. Chronic cough can be challenging for the family and the pediatrician due to its broad differential diagnosis. This article highlights an approach to categorizing the differential diagnoses of chronic cough to help guide testing or treatment when evaluating a pediatric patient with chronic cough. [Pediatr Ann. 2019;48(3):e115-e120.].
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Pediatric annals
Chronic lung disease is prevalent among Australian Aboriginal children. Chronic wet cough is an early marker of disease but often goes undetected. Currently, no studies have examined health practition...
Whether gastroesophageal reflux (GER) or GER disease (GERD) causes chronic cough in children is controversial. Using the PICO format, we undertook 4 systematic reviews. For children with chronic cough...
Terminology used to define clinical cough is based on features such as duration, underlying causes and associated characteristics such as whether the cough is 'dry' or 'productive'. Terms such as 'Ref...
Management of chronic cough relies on the recognition of cough background disorders. It is not known whether certain cough triggers are associated with specific background disorders.
Recently, there have been robust changes in our knowledge of the neurophysiology of cough and novel clinical etiologies. Specifically, cough hypersensitivity in adults and protracted bacterial bronchi...
Cough is both an important physiologic component of lung defense and a cardinal indicator of disease. For those with chronic cough, defined as cough lasting for more than 3 weeks, the di...
This is a double-blind, randomized, 2 period, crossover study in up to 36 healthy and chronic cough subjects.
A cough lasting more than 2 months is known as a chronic cough, affecting 12-23% of the adult non-smoking population. Chronic cough has many associated complications including incontinenc...
Diabetic patients with and without chronic cough will be included in this study. After giving their informed consent, the patients will perform a spirometry, chest X-ray at the inclusion v...
Cough is a life saving reflex, therefore it is important, especially in pediatrics, to calm cough spells without sedating the reflex. The intent of this study is to use a protective syrup ...
A subcategory of CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE. The disease is characterized by hypersecretion of mucus accompanied by a chronic (more than 3 months in 2 consecutive years) productive cough. Infectious agents are a major cause of chronic bronchitis.
Agents that suppress cough. They act centrally on the medullary cough center. EXPECTORANTS, also used in the treatment of cough, act locally.
Inflammation involving the GLOTTIS or VOCAL CORDS and the subglottic larynx. Croup is characterized by a barking cough, HOARSENESS, and persistent inspiratory STRIDOR (a high-pitched breathing sound). It occurs chiefly in infants and children.
The type species of PNEUMOVIRUS and an important cause of lower respiratory disease in infants and young children. It frequently presents with bronchitis and bronchopneumonia and is further characterized by fever, cough, dyspnea, wheezing, and pallor.
Poisoning that results from chronic or acute ingestion, injection, inhalation, or skin absorption of HEAVY METALS. Acute and chronic exposures can cause ANEMIA; KIDNEY and LIVER damage; PULMONARY EDEMA; MEMORY LOSS and behavioral changes; bone deformities in children; and MISCARRIAGE or PREMATURE LABOR in pregnant women.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...