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Comparison of 0.9-mm and 1.4-mm catheters in excimer laser coronary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction.

08:00 EDT 16th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Comparison of 0.9-mm and 1.4-mm catheters in excimer laser coronary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction."

Excimer laser coronary angioplasty (ELCA) is a unique revascularization modality that can vaporize plaque and thrombus. Compared to thrombus aspiration therapy, ELCA is reported to provide better microcirculation and reduced peripheral embolism in treatment for acute coronary syndrome. Excimer laser catheters come in various sizes, and we sought to compare the 0.9- and 1.4-mm-diameter catheters. We retrospectively enrolled 90 acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention with excimer laser from August 2013 to March 2017 in our hospital. Patients were grouped by diameter of catheter that had been used, the 0.9 mm group (n = 51) and 1.4 mm group (n = 39). We evaluated myocardial perfusion, procedural success rate, short-term outcome, lesion crossability, and complications between the two groups. The percentage of patients whose final thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) grade was 3 (0.9 mm 86.3% vs 1.4 mm 89.7% p = 0.75) and final myocardial blush grade (MBG) was 3 (0.9 mm 72.5% vs 1.4 mm 69.2% p = 0.82) was similarly high for both groups. Procedural success rate, in-hospital major adverse cardiac events (MACE), lesion crossability, and complications were also similar. This study showed that efficacy of 0.9 and 1.4 mm excimer laser catheter was equivalent in ELCA for AMI patients. If one takes into account lesion crossability, debulking effects, and the stunned platelets phenomenon, the 0.9 mm excimer laser catheter is sufficient for ELCA in AMI patients.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Lasers in medical science
ISSN: 1435-604X
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A technique utilizing a laser coupled to a catheter which is used in the dilatation of occluded blood vessels. This includes laser thermal angioplasty where the laser energy heats up a metal tip, and direct laser angioplasty where the laser energy directly ablates the occlusion. One form of the latter approach uses an EXCIMER LASER which creates microscopically precise cuts without thermal injury. When laser angioplasty is performed in combination with balloon angioplasty it is called laser-assisted balloon angioplasty (ANGIOPLASTY, BALLOON, LASER-ASSISTED).

A family of percutaneous techniques that are used to manage CORONARY OCCLUSION, including standard balloon angioplasty (PERCUTANEOUS TRANSLUMINAL CORONARY ANGIOPLASTY), the placement of intracoronary STENTS, and atheroablative technologies (e.g., ATHERECTOMY; ENDARTERECTOMY; THROMBECTOMY; PERCUTANEOUS TRANSLUMINAL LASER ANGIOPLASTY). PTCA was the dominant form of PCI, before the widespread use of stenting.

Techniques using laser energy in combination with a balloon catheter to perform angioplasty. These procedures can take several forms including: 1, laser fiber delivering the energy while the inflated balloon centers the fiber and occludes the blood flow; 2, balloon angioplasty immediately following laser angioplasty; or 3, laser energy transmitted through angioplasty balloons that contain an internal fiber.

Dilatation of an occluded coronary artery (or arteries) by means of a balloon catheter to restore myocardial blood supply.

Dilation of an occluded coronary artery (or arteries) by means of a balloon catheter to restore myocardial blood supply.

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