Topics

Cognitive-affective strategies and cortisol stress reactivity in children and adolescents: Normative development and effects of early life stress.

08:00 EDT 18th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Cognitive-affective strategies and cortisol stress reactivity in children and adolescents: Normative development and effects of early life stress."

This study examined cognitive-affective strategies as predictors of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis responses to a social-evaluative stressor in adolescence as compared to late childhood as a function of early life experiences. Participants included 159 children (9-10 years) and adolescents (15-16 years) divided into two groups based on early care experiences: non-adopted youth raised in their birth families (n = 81) and post-institutionalized youth internationally adopted from orphanage care (n = 78). Youth completed a version of the Trier Social Stress Test modified for use with children and reported on their trait emotion regulation and coping strategies. Children reported more use of suppression and disengagement than adolescents, while adolescents reported more engagement coping strategies. Non-adopted and post-institutionalized youth did not differ in reported strategies. Cognitive reappraisal predicted higher cortisol reactivity in non-adopted children and adolescents, and was not associated with reactivity in the post-institutionalized group. This study has implications for efforts aimed at promoting self-regulation and adaptive stress responses during the transition to adolescence for both typically developing children and children who experienced adverse early care.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Developmental psychobiology
ISSN: 1098-2302
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [22788 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Repeated stress leads to enhanced cortisol stress response in child social anxiety disorder but this effect can be prevented with CBT.

Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is associated with continual social stress in everyday life. Two physiological components of stress are the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis, as captured by cortisol r...

An inactive control of the 'Trier Social Stress Test' for Youth 10-17 years: Neuroendocrine, cardiac, and subjective responses.

The Trier Social Stress Test for children (TSST-C) adapted from TSST is one of the most commonly used laboratory paradigms for investigating the effects of stress on cognitive, affective and physiolog...

Associations between oxytocin and cortisol reactivity and recovery in response to psychological stress and sexual arousal.

Previous research suggests a dynamic regulatory relationship between oxytocin and cortisol, but the specific nature of this relationship and its context-specificity have not been fully specified. In t...

Salivary and hair cortisol as biomarkers of emotional and behavioral symptoms in 6-9 year old children.

The aim of the present work is to investigate the association of salivary and cumulative cortisol levels with emotional and behavioral symptoms in a Franconian Cognition and Emotion Studies (FRANCES) ...

Extending the toxic stress model into adolescence: Profiles of cortisol reactivity.

The toxic stress model posits that extended activation of stress response systems in the absence of a supportive relationship with an adult may over time lead to physiological alterations to these sam...

Clinical Trials [17304 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Stress Reactivity Study in Adolescents

The goal of this study was to examine the glucocorticoid and behavioral responses to a psychological stressor in obese African-American and non-Latino white adolescents. Participants were ...

Affective Management Training for Cannabis Misuse

Emerging evidence suggests that it is not the negative affect per se but underlying maladaptive cognitive, behavioral, and emotional responses to it that put an individual at risk of patho...

Affective Dysregulation (AD) in Children With ADHD Treated by Guanfacin

Early onset, high prevalence and persistence, as well as developmental comorbidity make affective dysregulation (AD) in childhood one of the most psychosocially impairing and cost-intensiv...

Targeting Stress Reactivity in Schizophrenia: Integrated Coping Awareness Therapy

To test the feasibility of a clinical trial implementing I-CAT, a novel therapeutic intervention combining strategies to improve stress reactivity and increase meaningful coping, as well a...

Stress in Medical Staff and Controls

It is expected that medical personnel is exposed to more work-related psychic stress compared to controls and that this burden manifests itself by an increased activity level of the result...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Behavioral treatment that uses drill and practice, compensatory and adaptive strategies to facilitate improvement in targeted learning areas.

The cognitive and affective processes which constitute an internalized moral governor over an individual's moral conduct.

The enhancement of physical, cognitive, emotional and social skills so an individual may participate in chosen activities. Recreational modalities are used in designed intervention strategies, incorporating individual's interests to make the therapy process meaningful and relevant.

A malignant solid tumor arising from mesenchymal tissues which normally differentiate to form striated muscle. It can occur in a wide variety of sites. It is divided into four distinct types: pleomorphic, predominantly in male adults; alveolar (RHABDOMYOSARCOMA, ALVEOLAR), mainly in adolescents and young adults; embryonal (RHABDOMYOSARCOMA, EMBRYONAL), predominantly in infants and children; and botryoidal, also in young children. It is one of the most frequently occurring soft tissue sarcomas and the most common in children under 15. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p2186; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, pp1647-9)

Runaway and homeless children and adolescents living on the streets of cities and having no fixed place of residence.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Stress
Stress is caused by your perception of situations around you and then the reaction of your body to them. The automatic stress response to unexpected events is known as 'fight or flight'. Discovered by Walter Cannon in 1932, it is the release of h...

Pediatrics
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...


Searches Linking to this Article