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Amaranthus mangostanus L. (amaranth) was hydroponically grown in different concentrations of biochar amended nutrient solution to investigate the mineral elements migration and physiological response of amaranth as affected by biochar. Our results showed that exposure to 26.6 g/L of biochar greatly increased the root and shoot K, Na and Al content, while 2.6 g/L of biochar greatly increased the root Ca and Mg content. The uptake of K and Al notably altered other elements' accumulation in shoots and roots upon the biochar exposure. The ratio of Ca: K in shoots and Mg: K in roots were negatively correlated to the biochar concentrations, while the ratio of Al: Ca and Al: Mg in roots were positively related to the biochar concentrations. The Al: Fe ratio was also polynomial correlated to the concentrations of biochar. The addition of biochar beyond 2.6 g/L resulted in the cell membrane and DNA damages in roots. The activity of SOD and CAT in 6.7 g/L biochar treated roots was significantly elevated as compared to the ones in other biochar treatments and was almost 2-fold of the control. The photosynthetic F/F intensity and subcellular structure in leaves were also compromised upon exposure to 26.6 g/L biochar. Taken together, biochar could significantly alter the mineral migration in amaranth and physiologically damage in the plants. It is essential to study the effect of biochar within appropriate concentrations on plants prior to wide application in agriculture.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Ecotoxicology and environmental safety
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A plant genus, in the family AMARANTHACEAE, best known as a source of high-protein grain crops and of Red Dye No. 2 (AMARANTH DYE). Tumbleweed sometimes refers to Amaranthus but more often refers to SALSOLA.
Uptake of substances by the body, tissues, or cells. The uptake may occur by various forms of BIOLOGICAL TRANSPORT or by simple DIFFUSION.
Nucleotide sequences, usually upstream, which are recognized by specific regulatory transcription factors, thereby causing gene response to various regulatory agents. These elements may be found in both promoter and enhancer regions.
Discrete segments of DNA which can excise and reintegrate to another site in the genome. Most are inactive, i.e., have not been found to exist outside the integrated state. DNA transposable elements include bacterial IS (insertion sequence) elements, Tn elements, the maize controlling elements Ac and Ds, Drosophila P, gypsy, and pogo elements, the human Tigger elements and the Tc and mariner elements which are found throughout the animal kingdom.
Drugs that inhibit the transport of neurotransmitters into axon terminals or into storage vesicles within terminals. For many transmitters, uptake determines the time course of transmitter action so inhibiting uptake prolongs the activity of the transmitter. Blocking uptake may also deplete available transmitter stores. Many clinically important drugs are uptake inhibitors although the indirect reactions of the brain rather than the acute block of uptake itself is often responsible for the therapeutic effects.
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...