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Epidemiological investigations have suggested that serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level has significantly inverse associations with various neurological and neurodegenerative diseases. However, little is known about 25(OH)D level in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Thus, the aim of this study was to determine correlations of 25(OH)D level in CSF with serum total, bioavailable, and free 25(OH)D levels. This observational study enrolled a total of 117 subjects (58 patients with non-neurologic disease and 59 patients with neurologic disease) from 2017 to 2018. CSF and blood samples were collected in pairs. Total 25(OH)D levels in CSF and serum and vitamin D binding protein (VDBP) levels in serum were measured. We also performed GC genotyping for polymorphisms of rs4588 and rs7041 to calculate bioavailable and free 25(OH)D levels. CSF total 25(OH)D levels were compared with serum total, bioavailable, and free 25(OH)D levels. Mean total 25(OH)D concentrations in CSF and serum of all patients were 37.14 ± 7.71 and 25.72 ± 12.37 ng/mL, respectively. The mean total 25(OH)D concentration in CSF was generally 1.4-fold higher than that in the serum. Total 25(OH)D concentrations in CSF showed weakly positive but significant correlations with serum total, bioavailable, and free 25(OH)D concentrations (P = 0.022, P = 0.033, and P = 0.026, respectively). Serum total 25(OH)D concentration was also correlated with serum VDBP concentration (P = 0.017). However, total 25(OH)D levels in CSF of non-neurologic disease group and neurologic disease group were similar. Total 25(OH)D level in CSF has weakly positive but significant correlations with serum total, bioavailable, and free 25-hydroxy vitamin D levels in the Korean population. The distribution of CSF total 25(OH)D in Korean neurologic and non-neurologic disease patients was presented.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: PloS one
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Discharge of cerebrospinal fluid through a hole through the skull bone most commonly draining from the nose (CEREBROSPINAL FLUID RHINORRHEA) or the ear (CEREBROSPINAL FLUID OTORRHEA).
Tubes inserted to create communication between a cerebral ventricle and the internal jugular vein. Their emplacement permits draining of cerebrospinal fluid for relief of hydrocephalus or other condition leading to fluid accumulation in the ventricles.
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