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Peanut allergy is considered to be the most common cause for food-induced anaphylaxis. Currently, no approved treatment is available. Avoidance is the only measure to prevent anaphylactic reactions to peanuts. T-helper cells are of special importance for the sensitization process and the maintenance of allergic inflammation. Identifying markers of allergen-specific T-cell responses may help to develop novel treatment approaches. Therefore, we aimed to define new T-cell target genes in Ara h 2-specific T cells and to investigate the possibility of using them as biomarkers of peanut allergy in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). We performed whole mRNA array analysis (whole human genome oligo microarray) of in vitro expanded Ara h 2-specific T cells (CFSElowCD3+CD4+) from 5 peanut-allergic (PA) and 5 non-peanut-sensitized individuals. Expression of selected genes as a result of a two-step bioinformatic approach was confirmed in a second cohort by quantitative PCR. TGF-β- activated kinase 1 and MAP3K7 binding protein 3 (TAB3), calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase type IV (CAMK4) and HemK methyltransferase family member 1 (HEMK1) were significantly upregulated in Ara h 2-specific T cells of PA patients. In addition, the expression of these genes was also assessed in unstimulated PBMCs from a cohort (n = 43) of PA, atopic non-PA, and nonatopic controls. Interestingly, in unstimulated PBMCs, TAB3 expression was significantly downregulated in PA patients compared to atopic non-PA individuals. Thus, TAB3 may play a significant role at the level of T-cell activation and may also be a candidate biomarker for PA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International archives of allergy and immunology
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A serine-threonine protein kinase that, when activated by DNA, phosphorylates several DNA-binding protein substrates including the TUMOR SUPPRESSOR PROTEIN P53 and a variety of TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS.
A superfamily of PROTEIN-SERINE-THREONINE KINASES that are activated by diverse stimuli via protein kinase cascades. They are the final components of the cascades, activated by phosphorylation by MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASE KINASES, which in turn are activated by mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinases (MAP KINASE KINASE KINASES).
A mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase with specificity for a subset of P38 MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASES that includes MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASE 12; MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASE 13; and MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASE 14.
A mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase with specificity for JNK MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASES; P38 MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASES and the RETINOID X RECEPTORS. It takes part in a SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION pathway that is activated in response to cellular stress.
A serine-threonine protein kinase family whose members are components in protein kinase cascades activated by diverse stimuli. These MAPK kinases phosphorylate MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASES and are themselves phosphorylated by MAP KINASE KINASE KINASES. JNK kinases (also known as SAPK kinases) are a subfamily.
The term allergy is used to describe a response, within the body, to a substance, which is not necessarily harmful in itself, but results in an immune response and a reaction that causes symptoms and disease in a predisposed person, which in turn can cau...