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Glucose and Lactate Concentrations in Cerebrospinal Fluid After Traumatic Brain Injury.

07:00 EST 11th February 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Glucose and Lactate Concentrations in Cerebrospinal Fluid After Traumatic Brain Injury."

Studies in which brain metabolism has been monitored using microdialysis have indicated decreases in cerebral glucose concentration and increases in lactate concentration in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, few data are available on glucose and lactate concentrations in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of TBI patients. This study investigates the relationship between CSF glucose and lactate concentrations and outcomes after TBI.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of neurosurgical anesthesiology
ISSN: 1537-1921
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Discharge of cerebrospinal fluid through a hole through the skull bone most commonly draining from the nose (CEREBROSPINAL FLUID RHINORRHEA) or the ear (CEREBROSPINAL FLUID OTORRHEA).

Proteins in the cerebrospinal fluid, normally albumin and globulin present in the ratio of 8 to 1. Increases in protein levels are of diagnostic value in neurological diseases. (Brain and Bannister's Clinical Neurology, 7th ed, p221)

Excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the cranium which may be associated with dilation of cerebral ventricles, INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; HEADACHE; lethargy; URINARY INCONTINENCE; and ATAXIA (and in infants macrocephaly). This condition may be caused by obstruction of cerebrospinal fluid pathways due to neurologic abnormalities, INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES; CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM INFECTIONS; BRAIN NEOPLASMS; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; and other conditions. Impaired resorption of cerebrospinal fluid from the arachnoid villi results in a communicating form of hydrocephalus. Hydrocephalus ex-vacuo refers to ventricular dilation that occurs as a result of brain substance loss from CEREBRAL INFARCTION and other conditions.

Tubes inserted to create communication between a cerebral ventricle and the internal jugular vein. Their emplacement permits draining of cerebrospinal fluid for relief of hydrocephalus or other condition leading to fluid accumulation in the ventricles.

A watery fluid that is continuously produced in the CHOROID PLEXUS and circulates around the surface of the BRAIN; SPINAL CORD; and in the CEREBRAL VENTRICLES.

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