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CREBBP loss-of function variants cause Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RTS). There have been two separate reports of patients with missense variants in exon 30 or 31 of CREBBP in individuals lacking the characteristic facial and limb dysmorphism associated with RTS. Frequent features in this condition include variable intellectual disability, short stature, autistic behavior, microcephaly, feeding problems, epilepsy, recurrent upper airway infections, and mild hearing impairment. We report three further patients with de novo exon 31 CREBBP missense variants. The first individual has a c.5357G>A p. (Arg1786His) variant affecting the same codon as one of the previously described patients. Both these patients could be recognized by clinicians as mild RTS. Our second patient has a c.5602C>T p.(Arg1868Trp) variant that has been described in five other individuals who all share a strikingly similar phenotype. The third individual has a novel c.5354G>A p.(Cys1785Try) variant. Our reports expand the clinical spectrum to include ventriculomegaly, absent corpus callosum, staphyloma, cochlear malformations, and exomphalos. These additional cases also help to establish genotype-phenotype correlations in this disorder. After the first and last authors of the previous two reports, we propose to call this disorder "Menke-Hennekam syndrome" to establish it as a clinical entity distinct from RTS and to provide a satisfactory name for adoption by parents and professionals, thus facilitating appropriate clinical management and research.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: American journal of medical genetics. Part A
We report here a novel de novo missense variant affecting the last amino acid of exon 30 of CREBBP [NM_004380, c.5170G>A; p.(Glu1724Lys)] in a 17-year-old boy presenting mild intellectual disability a...
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The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The totality of characteristics of reproductive structure, functions, PHENOTYPE, and GENOTYPE, differentiating the MALE from the FEMALE organism.
A state of intersex or sexual ambiguity, involving the GENOTYPE, the GONADS, the reproductive tract, and/or the external GENITALIA or PHENOTYPE. This concept covers TRUE HERMAPHRODITISM and PSEUDOHERMAPHRODITISM. True hermaphrodites are rare and they possess gonadal tissues of both sexes, tissues from the OVARY and the TESTIS. Pseudohermaphrodites possess gonadal tissue of one sex but exhibit external phenotype of the opposite sex.
Mutation process that restores the wild-type PHENOTYPE in an organism possessing a mutationally altered GENOTYPE. The second "suppressor" mutation may be on a different gene, on the same gene but located at a distance from the site of the primary mutation, or in extrachromosomal genes (EXTRACHROMOSOMAL INHERITANCE).
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Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
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