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Hepatitis C virus-like particles (VLPs) are being developed as a quadrivalent vaccine candidate, eliciting both humoral and cellular immune responses in animal trials. Biophysical, biomechanical and biochemical properties are important for virus and VLP interactions with host cells and recognition by the immune system. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is a powerful tool for visualizing surface topographies of cells, bionanoparticles and biomolecules, and for determining biophysical and biomechanical attributes such as size and elasticity. In this work, AFM was used to define morphological and nanomechanical properties of VLPs representing four common genotypes of hepatitis C virus. Significant differences in size of the VLPs were observed, and particles demonstrated a wide range of elasticity. Ordered packing of the core and potentially envelope glycoproteins was observed on the surfaces of the VLPs, but detailed structural characterization was hindered due to intrinsic dynamic fluctuations or AFM probe-induced damage of the VLPs. All VLPs were shown to be glycosylated in a manner similar to native viral particles. Together, the results presented in this study further our understanding of the nanostructure of hepatitis C VLPs, and should influence their uptake as viable vaccine candidates.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of colloid and interface science
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A family of hepatotropic DNA viruses which contains double-stranded DNA genomes and causes hepatitis in humans and animals. There are two genera: AVIHEPADNAVIRUS and ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS. Hepadnaviruses include HEPATITIS B VIRUS, duck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, DUCK), heron hepatitis B virus, ground squirrel hepatitis virus, and woodchuck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, WOODCHUCK).
A defective virus, containing particles of RNA nucleoprotein in virion-like form, present in patients with acute hepatitis B and chronic hepatitis. It requires the presence of a hepadnavirus for full replication. This is the lone species in the genus Deltavirus.
A species in the genus HEPATOVIRUS containing one serotype and two strains: HUMAN HEPATITIS A VIRUS and Simian hepatitis A virus causing hepatitis in humans (HEPATITIS A) and primates, respectively.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS DELTA VIRUS, a defective RNA virus that can only infect HEPATITIS B patients. For its viral coating, hepatitis delta virus requires the HEPATITIS B SURFACE ANTIGENS produced by these patients. Hepatitis D can occur either concomitantly with (coinfection) or subsequent to (superinfection) hepatitis B infection. Similar to hepatitis B, it is primarily transmitted by parenteral exposure, such as transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products, but can also be transmitted via sexual or intimate personal contact.
The type species of the genus ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS which causes human HEPATITIS B and is also apparently a causal agent in human HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA. The Dane particle is an intact hepatitis virion, named after its discoverer. Non-infectious spherical and tubular particles are also seen in the serum.
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A vaccine is a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism, and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe, its toxins or one ...