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This research study focused on the optimization of the synthesis of carbon-doped nano-MgO (C-MgO) and the investigation of its catalytic capacity in a catalytic ozonation process (COP) for the removal of humic acid (HA). Characterization analyses, including SEM, EDX, XRD, BET, and photoluminescence test showed that the C-MgO was successfully synthesized. L8 orthogonal arrays according to the Taguchi methodology optimized the synthesis of the C-MgO as follows: sucrose to MgO ratio = 0.5, sonication time = 15 min, calcination temperature = 400 °C and pH = 10.5. A central composite design based on response surface methodology was employed to optimize and model the COP in the removal of HA. A quadratic polynomial model with p-value < 0.0001 and R = 0.9988 showed a better fit to experimental responses. The optimum levels of the studied parameters in the COP based on the predictive model were obtained as follows: pH = 9.5, reaction time = 12 min, catalyst dose = 1 g/L, and HA concentration = 5 mg/L. The HA mineralization was determined to be 86.8% at the 100 min reaction time. Additionally, the COP exhibited 34% synergistic effect and the kinetic rate constant of 0.1898 min in the HA removal. The presence of tert-butanol, methanol, salicylic acid, and some anions did not significantly affect the removal of the HA in the COP. From a practical view, this report indicated that the C-MgO catalyst could be potentially applied in the COP for the treatment of the water having high concentrations of HA substances.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of environmental management
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A very strong halogenated derivative of acetic acid. It is used in acid catalyzed reactions, especially those where an ester is cleaved in peptide synthesis.
Unsaturated derivatives of the ESTRANES with methyl groups at carbon-13, with no carbon at carbon-10, and with no more than one carbon at carbon-17. They must contain one or more double bonds.
An integrated nano-scale approach to MEDICINE which involves concurrent diagnosis, drug delivery, therapy, and monitoring of therapeutic response.
Performance of an act one or more times, with a view to its fixation or improvement; any performance of an act or behavior that leads to learning.
Student’s unsuccessful attempt at academic achievement or a marked inadequacy in the areas of scholarship or study. This is not underachievement which is performance, usually in school work, poorer than that predicted from aptitude and/or intelligence testing.