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In order to limit the aviator's exposure to potentially unsafe helmet configurations, the U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory (USAARL) developed the USAARL Head-supported mass (HSM) Performance Curve and Acute Injury Risk Curve as guidelines for Army aviation HSM. These Curves remain the only established guidelines for Army HSM, but have limited applicability outside of the aviation environment. Helmet developers and program managers have requested guidelines be developed for the dismounted, ground-mounted, and airborne operating environments that consider currently fielded and proposed HSM configurations. The aim of this project was to measure mass properties (mass and center of mass offset) of currently fielded and proposed HSM configurations and compare them against the existing USAARL HSM Curve guidelines. Mass properties were collected for 71 unique dismounted and ground-mounted HSM configurations. None of the 71 HSM configurations met the Acute Injury Risk Curve recommendations, and only 11 of the 71 configurations met Performance Curve recommendations. While some helmets fell within acceptable limits, the addition of night vision goggles and protective masks pushed all configurations outside of the recommended guidelines. Future guidelines will need to be expanded to consider the operating environment, movement techniques, and primary mechanism of injury.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Military medicine
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Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.
A mass spectrometry technique using two (MS/MS) or more mass analyzers. With two in tandem, the precursor ions are mass-selected by a first mass analyzer, and focused into a collision region where they are then fragmented into product ions which are then characterized by a second mass analyzer. A variety of techniques are used to separate the compounds, ionize them, and introduce them to the first mass analyzer. For example, for in GC-MS/MS, GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY is involved in separating relatively small compounds by GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY prior to injecting them into an ionization chamber for the mass selection.
An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.
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