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Assessing the Burden of Chlamydia and Gonorrhea for Deployed and Active Duty Personnel Assigned Outside the USA.

07:00 EST 1st March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Assessing the Burden of Chlamydia and Gonorrhea for Deployed and Active Duty Personnel Assigned Outside the USA."

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have posed a threat to military service members throughout history, but limited evidence describes current sexually transmitted infection burden for personnel in-theater and stationed abroad. This study assessed chlamydia and gonorrhea rates by unit of country assignment and evaluated the demographic profile of affected personnel during deployment. Chlamydia and gonorrhea cases among active duty personnel were identified from laboratory results and ambulatory encounter records in the Military Health System from fiscal years October 2006 through September 2015; these were linked to personnel and deployment records to ascertain demographic characteristics, unit of country assignment, and if the case was captured during a period of deployment. Case rates were higher for chlamydia (1,321.7 per 100,000) than gonorrhea (222.7 per 100,000). Approximately 2% of both chlamydia and gonorrhea cases were identified during deployment, with significant differences by service, sex, and age. Elevated rates were identified in several countries of unit assignment outside the USA, warranting further assessment to better understand implications of screening programs or increased morbidity. Pertinent limitations for this study potentially underestimate STI cases during deployment, due to incomplete capture of records from shipboard and in-theater facilities.

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Name: Military medicine
ISSN: 1930-613X
Pages: 21-27

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