Complete Inferior Rectus Transection Following Blunt Trauma: A Case Report and Novel Approach to Surgical Repair.

08:00 EDT 22nd March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Complete Inferior Rectus Transection Following Blunt Trauma: A Case Report and Novel Approach to Surgical Repair."

Inferior rectus avulsion following blunt trauma is rare, with even fewer reported cases of complete transection. The authors report a case of orbital floor fracture and inferior rectus muscle transection without herniation following blunt orbital trauma. This case first highlights the difficulty in diagnosing complete inferior rectus muscle transection clinically and with imaging and second that an acceptable functional outcome can be achieved by a novel surgical repair approach utilizing contiguous orbital anatomical relations of the inferior oblique and inferior rectus muscles.


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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
ISSN: 1537-2677


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Diseases of the oculomotor nerve or nucleus that result in weakness or paralysis of the superior rectus, inferior rectus, medial rectus, inferior oblique, or levator palpebrae muscles, or impaired parasympathetic innervation to the pupil. With a complete oculomotor palsy, the eyelid will be paralyzed, the eye will be in an abducted and inferior position, and the pupil will be markedly dilated. Commonly associated conditions include neoplasms, CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA, ischemia (especially in association with DIABETES MELLITUS), and aneurysmal compression. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p270)

The muscles that move the eye. Included in this group are the medial rectus, lateral rectus, superior rectus, inferior rectus, inferior oblique, superior oblique, musculus orbitalis, and levator palpebrae superioris.

The 3d cranial nerve. The oculomotor nerve sends motor fibers to the levator muscles of the eyelid and to the superior rectus, inferior rectus, and inferior oblique muscles of the eye. It also sends parasympathetic efferents (via the ciliary ganglion) to the muscles controlling pupillary constriction and accommodation. The motor fibers originate in the oculomotor nuclei of the midbrain.

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