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The review presents the pathobiochemical and molecular mechanisms of sputum formation in patients with cystic fibrosis associated with the pathophysiological features of the disease. Statistical data on the prevalence of this pathology in the world and in the Russian Federation are presented. The mechanisms of sputum formation and disorders of the mucociliary apparatus, leading to the accumulation of viscous bronchopulmonary secret in cystic fibrosis, are considered. The principles of the relationship between the rheological properties of sputum and the formation of inflammation in the lungs with the addition of a concomitant specific microflora in the bronchopulmonary system in patients with cystic fibrosis are presented. Describes the opportunities for biochemical studies of sputum of patients with this pathology: determining the activity of enzymes (myeloperoxidase), the content of proteinase inhibitors (α2-macroglobulin and α1-antitrypsin) and proinflammatory cytokines (IL-8 and TNFa), concentrations of iron and ferriferous proteins (lactoferrin and ferritin), which makes biochemical studies of sputum available, non-invasive, quick and cost-effective method of diagnosis, which can be widely used as an auxiliary laboratory method and makes it possible to use these metabolites as diagnostic markers to assess the severity of inflammation and infection of the lower respiratory tract and predict the development of respiratory complications in patients with cystic fibrosis.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Klinicheskaia laboratornaia diagnostika
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Chemicals administered to patients in order to diagnose or study the pathology of medical conditions, diseases, or syndromes.
A work that reports on the results of a clinical study in which participants may receive diagnostic, therapeutic, or other types of interventions, but the investigator does not assign participants to specific interventions (as in an interventional study).
Work that is a report of a pre-planned, usually controlled, clinical study of the safety and efficacy of diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques based on several hundred volunteers, including a limited number of patients, and conducted over a period of about two years in either the United States or a foreign country.
Chromosomal, biochemical, intracellular, and other methods used in the study of genetics.
Work that is a report of a pre-planned, usually controlled, clinical study of the safety and efficacy of diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques after phase II trials. A large enough group of patients is studied and closely monitored by physicians for adverse response to long-term exposure, over a period of about three years in either the United States or a foreign country.
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...
Affecting over 8,500 people in the UK, Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is one of the UK's most common life-threatening inherited diseases. Around half of the CF population can expect to live over 38 years, although improvements in treatments mean a baby born ...