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Exposure to air pollution inside electric and diesel-powered passenger trains.

08:00 EDT 27th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Exposure to air pollution inside electric and diesel-powered passenger trains."

Diesel-powered trains are used worldwide for passenger transport. The present study aimed to assess air pollution concentrations in passenger cars from diesel and electric trains. Personal exposure monitoring (6-7 hours per day) was carried out for 49 days on diesel and 22 days on electric trains. Diesel trains had higher concentrations of all the assessed air pollution components. Average increases (and fold differences) in passenger cars of diesel trains compared with electric trains were for ultrafine particles 212,000 particles/cm3 (35-fold), black carbon 8.3 µg/m3 (6-fold), NOX 316 µg/m3 (8-fold), NO2 38 µg/m3 (3-fold), PM2.5 34 µg/m3 (2-fold) and benzo(a)pyrene 0.14 ng/m3 (6-fold). From time-series data, the pull and push movement modes, the engine in use and the distance to the locomotive influenced the concentrations inside the diesel trains. In conclusion, concentrations of all air pollutants were significantly elevated in passenger cars in diesel trains compared to electric trains.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Environmental science & technology
ISSN: 1520-5851
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