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THROMBOCYTOPENIA, LEG EDEMA AND SHORTNESS OF BREATH FOLLOWING CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS SURGERY.

07:00 EST 1st March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "THROMBOCYTOPENIA, LEG EDEMA AND SHORTNESS OF BREATH FOLLOWING CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS SURGERY."

Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is the most important non-hemorrhagic complication of heparin treatment. We report a case of a major thromboembolic event accompanied by thrombocytopenia following heparin exposure during coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Thrombocytopenia was documented one month after the surgery, and a major thromboembolic event which led to the patient's death diagnosed 6 weeks after heparin exposure. We discuss the pathophysiology and clinical aspects of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia, focusing on the unique features of this patient, including late persistent thrombocytopenia.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Harefuah
ISSN: 0017-7768
Pages: 192-195

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Coronary artery bypass surgery on a beating HEART without a CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS (diverting the flow of blood from the heart and lungs through an oxygenator).

Direct myocardial revascularization in which the internal mammary artery is anastomosed to the right coronary artery, circumflex artery, or anterior descending coronary artery. The internal mammary artery is the most frequent choice, especially for a single graft, for coronary artery bypass surgery.

Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.

Abdominal artery that follows the curvature of the stomach. The right gastroepiploic artery is frequently used in CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFTING; MYOCARDIAL REVASCULARIZATION, and other vascular reconstruction.

A complication of INTERNAL MAMMARY-CORONARY ARTERY ANASTOMOSIS whereby an occlusion or stenosis of the proximal SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY causes a reversal of the blood flow away from the CORONARY CIRCULATION, through the grafted INTERNAL MAMMARY ARTERY (internal thoracic artery), and back to the distal subclavian distribution.

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