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Effects of peat on plant growth and lead and zinc phytostabilization from lead-zinc mine tailing in southern China: Screening plant species resisting and accumulating metals.

08:00 EDT 25th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Effects of peat on plant growth and lead and zinc phytostabilization from lead-zinc mine tailing in southern China: Screening plant species resisting and accumulating metals."

In order to investigate the toxicity-resistance of eighteen Chinese native plants in lead (Pb)-zinc (Zn) mine tailings, we categorized their resistance to Pb and Zn, and tested their potential for phytoremediation effectiveness of Pb and Zn. Fourteen woody plant species belonging to 12 families, and 4 herbaceous species belonging to 4 families, were grown in pots with mixtures of 100% tailing +0% peat (CK), 90% tailing +10% peat (A1), and 80% tailing + 20% peat (A2), respectively. Plant height and biomass, chlorophyll content, and Pb and Zn contents of non-rhizosphere spoil mixtures and plant tissues were measured. Fifteen of the plants grew in all three spoil mixtures. Both A1 and A2 had higher plant height and biomass increment and chlorophyll contents than CK. The content of Pb and Zn in plant shoots and roots was CK > A1 > A2. The value of BCF less than 0.1, compared to 1, was a more precise classification basis for plants excluding metals. Screening for Pb and Zn resistant plants and their bioremediation potential produced the following candidate species: Sapium sebiferum, Salix matsudana, Hibiscus cannabinus, Corchorus capsularis, Ricinus communis, and Populus nigra. These species were highly Pb and Zn tolerant species, with notable growth characteristics and capacities to bioaccumulate Pb and Zn from the mine tailings. Compared to CK, the removal of Pb and Zn from non-rhizosphere spoil increased by an average of 9.64% and 9.6%, respectively in A1, but decreased in A2. The results indicated candidate species and 10% peat addition in the tailing were significant in phytoremediation of Pb and Zn regarding environmental safety.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Ecotoxicology and environmental safety
ISSN: 1090-2414
Pages: 42-49

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