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The purpose was to investigate changes in neuropeptide Y (NPY) protein and dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) activity in the plasma and saliva in normally cycling women and women after menopause. We recruited 7 cycling women and 7 postmenopausal women for a cross-sectional, prospective pilot study. Blood via venipuncture and saliva samples were taken at each point in the menstrual cycle (premenopausal) or once per week (postmenopausal) for 2 months. Blood and saliva were analyzed for estrogen, NPY using ELISA and DPP-IV activity using a fluorometric assay. Plasma β-estradiol was an average of 96.45 ± 57.04 pg/mL over 2 cycles in the premenopausal group and 1.72 ± 0.35 pg/mL over 2 months in the postmenopausal group (P < .05). In the cycling group, there were no significant differences in saliva or plasma NPY or DPP-IV over the cycle. For the postmenopausal group, salivary NPY and DPP-IV did not change over 2 months. Plasma NPY was lowest in the middle 2 weeks (average: 0.52 ± 0.10 ng/mL) compared to the first and fourth weeks (average of week 1 and 4: 0.60 ± 0.14 ng/mL; P < .05). Plasma NPY in postmenopausal women was higher overall (0.56 ± 0.13 ng/mL) compared to cycling women (0.30 ± 0.11 ng/mL; P < .05). Plasma DPP-IV activity was unchanged by time in the postmenopausal group. Saliva DPP-IV and saliva NPY in the cycling group had a significant negative correlation (R = -0.95; P < .05). We found that saliva measures of NPY and DPP-IV activity appear to be poor estimates of plasma concentrations and activities, but a larger sample size is required to conform this. Differences in plasma NPY concentrations between the groups and the relationship between salivary NPY and DPP-IV suggests that there may be some unique differences between these groups.
This article was published in the following journal.
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A serine protease that catalyses the release of an N-terminal dipeptide. Several biologically-active peptides have been identified as dipeptidyl peptidase 4 substrates including INCRETINS; NEUROPEPTIDES; and CHEMOKINES. The protein is also found bound to ADENOSINE DEAMINASE on the T-CELL surface and is believed to play a role in T-cell activation.
Compounds that supress the degradation of INCRETINS by blocking the action of DIPEPTIDYL-PEPTIDASE IV. This helps to correct the defective INSULIN and GLUCAGON secretion characteristic of TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS by stimulating insulin secretion and suppressing glucagon release.
A set of opposing, nonequilibrium reactions catalyzed by different enzymes which act simultaneously, with at least one of the reactions driven by ATP hydrolysis. The results of the cycle are that ATP energy is depleted, heat is produced and no net substrate-to-product conversion is achieved. Examples of substrate cycling are cycling of gluconeogenesis and glycolysis pathways and cycling of the triglycerides and fatty acid pathways. Rates of substrate cycling may be increased many-fold in association with hypermetabolic states resulting from severe burns, cold exposure, hyperthyroidism, or acute exercise.
A purine and quinazoline derivative that functions as an INCRETIN and DIPEPTIDYL-PEPTIDASE IV INHIBTOR. It is used as a HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENT in the treatment of TYPE II DIABETES MELLITUS.
A pyrazine-derived DIPEPTIDYL-PEPTIDASE IV INHIBITOR and HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENT that increases the levels of the INCRETIN hormones GLUCAGON-LIKE PEPTIDE-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP). It is used in the treatment of TYPE 2 DIABETES.
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...
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