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Parvovirus B19 (B19V) possesses a linear single-stranded DNA genome of either positive or negative polarity. Due to intramolecular sequence homologies, either strand may theoretically be folded in several alternative ways. Viral DNA, when extracted from virions by several procedures, presents as linear single-stranded and/or linear double-stranded molecules, except when one particular commercial kit is used. This protocol yields DNA with an aberrant electrophoretic mobility in addition to linear double-stranded molecules, but never any single-stranded molecules. This peculiar kind of DNA was found in all plasma or serum samples tested and so we decided to analyse its secondary structure. In line with our results for one- and two-dimensional electrophoresis, mobility shift assays, DNA preparation by an in-house extraction method with moderate denaturing conditions, density gradient ultracentrifugation, DNA digestion experiments and competition hybridization assays, we conclude that (i) the unique internal portions of this distinctive single-stranded molecules are folded into tight tangles and (ii) the two terminal redundant regions are associated with each other, yielding non-covalently closed pseudo-circular molecules stabilized by a short (18 nucleotides) intramolecular stem, whereas the extreme 3'- and 5'-ends are folded back on themselves, forming a structure resembling a twin hairpin. The question arises as to whether this fairly unstable structure represents the encapsidated genome structure. The answer to this question remains quite relevant in terms of comprehending the initiation and end of B19V genome replication.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Journal of general virology
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A species of PARVOVIRUS infecting cats with a highly contagious enteric disease. Host range variants include mink enteritis virus, canine parvovirus (PARVOVIRUS, CANINE), and raccoon parvovirus. After infecting their new hosts, many of these viruses have further evolved and are now considered distinct species.
A secondary structure of proteins that is a right-handed helix or coil, where each amino (N-H) group of the peptide backbone contributes a hydrogen bond to the carbonyl(C=O) group of the amino acid four residues N-terminal to it (n-4). It is the most common type of secondary structure.
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The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.
A species in the genus PARVOVIRUS that has the ability to replicate and kill tumor cells in culture.
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Immunoassay - ELISA
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