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Primary care services have been developed and extended, with the support of the Singapore government, in order to address the increasing needs of the aging population and noncommunicable diseases and to achieve the goal of universal health care. Though countries across the Asia Pacific aspire to achieve universal coverage, there is no set pathway. In Singapore, various service models, quality assurance methods, and financing mechanisms have been piloted and some have been scaled up. Significant effort has also gone into building links and establishing networks between hospitals and local primary care providers, including dental and allied health professionals. Several initiatives have also been introduced to support professional development, provide financial safety nets, and integrate and resource community clinics to provide family-oriented care. Social support has also been improved for isolated elderly through formalized networks linking government agencies, health providers, and community welfare groups. Ongoing challenges include integration of private providers, maintaining affordability of out-of-pocket charges, resources to meet increasing chronic disease management needs, and achieving economies of scale to sustain universal health coverage (UHC).
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Health systems and reform
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Those support services other than room, board, and medical and nursing services that are provided to hospital patients in the course of care. They include such services as laboratory, radiology, pharmacy, and physical therapy services.
The expenses incurred by a hospital in providing care. The hospital costs attributed to a particular patient care episode include the direct costs plus an appropriate proportion of the overhead for administration, personnel, building maintenance, equipment, etc. Hospital costs are one of the factors which determine HOSPITAL CHARGES (the price the hospital sets for its services).
The prices a hospital sets for its services. HOSPITAL COSTS (the direct and indirect expenses incurred by the hospital in providing the services) are one factor in the determination of hospital charges. Other factors may include, for example, profits, competition, and the necessity of recouping the costs of uncompensated care.
Hospital-sponsored provision of health services, such as nursing, therapy, and health-related homemaker or social services, in the patient's home. (Hospital Administration Terminology, 2d ed)
Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.
Dentistry is the study, management and treatment of diseases and conditions affecting the mouth, jaw, teeth and their supporting tissues (Oxford Medical Dictionary) The work of a dentist ranges from regular patient check-up to orthodontics and surgery....