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This study presents a comprehensive analysis of the strong cathodoluminescence (CL), photoluminescence (PL), and photoresponse characteristics of CH3NH3PbBr3 nanoparticles (NPs) embedded in a mesoporous nanowire template. Our study revealed a direct correlation between the CL and PL emissions from the perovskite NPs (Per NPs), for the first time. Per NPs are fabricated by a simple spin coating of perovskite precursor on the surface of metal-assisted-chemically-etched mesoporous Si NWs array. The Per NPs confined in the mesopores show blue shifted and enhanced CL emission as compared to the bare perovskite film, while the PL intensity of Per NPs dramatically high compared to its bulk counterpart. A systematic analysis of the CL/PL spectra reveals that the quantum confinement effect and ultra-low defects in Per NPs are mainly responsible for the enhanced CL and PL emissions. Low-temperature PL and time-resolved PL analysis confirm the high exciton binding energy and radiative recombination in Per NPs. The room temperature PL quantum yield of the Per NPs film on the NW template was found to be 40.5 %, while that of Per film was 2.8%. The Per NPs show improved ambient air-stability than the bare film due to the protection provided by the dense NW array, since dense NW array can slow down the lateral diffusion of oxygen and water molecules in Per NPs. Interestingly, the Si NW/Per NPs junction shows superior visible light photodetection and the prototype photodetector shows a high responsivity (0.223 A/W) with a response speed of 0.32 sec and 0.28 sec of growth and decay in photocurrent, respectively, at 2V applied bias, which is significantly better than the reported photodetectors based on CH3NH3PbBr3 nanostructures. This work demonstrates a low-cost fabrication of CH3NH3PbBr3 NPs on a novel porous NW template, which shows excellent photophysical and optoelectronic properties with superior ambient stability.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: ACS applied materials & interfaces
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