Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The plant-derived biochars act as soil conditioners, and thus may influence biological interactions in the soil environment. However, their unintended negative and positive effects on soil organisms remain largely understudied. Therefore, we investigated the effect of 0, 1, 3, and 10% of wheat straw-derived biochar amendments on earthworm (Eisenia foetida) activity in the soil contaminated with and/or without pesticide mesotrione (10 mg/kg dry soil) after 28 days of incubation. The pesticide mesotrione did not affect earthworm growth or reproduction; however, it induced oxidative stress and DNA damage. Although biochar application significantly decreased the concentration of mesotrione in earthworms, it delayed the degradation of pesticide in the soil environment. Compared to zero amendment, the amendment of 1 and 3% of biochar significantly increased (P < 0.05) the earthworm weight and reduced the toxicity effects of mesotrione on earthworms. However, the application of 10% biochar significantly decreased (P < 0.05) earthworm growth and caused DNA damage even in the absence of mesotrione. This study suggests that it is necessary to investigate the effects of different levels of biochar amendments on earthworms and other soil organisms in agricultural fields to develop a broader understanding about the use of biochar and its consequences on soil health.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Science of the total environment
The toxicity of the ixodicidal carbamates ethyl-4-bromophenyl carbamate (LQM 919), ethyl-4-chlorophenyl carbamate (LQM 996) and propoxur on Eisenia foetida adults was evaluated to estimate their ecoto...
Biochar is the degradation-resistant product generated by the pyrolysis of organic materials and is produced for the intended use of land application in order to promote carbon sequestration and soil ...
Atrazine (2-chloro-4-ethylamino-6-isopropylamino-1,3,5-triazine) is a triazine herbicide intensively used in agricultural production and is often detected in different environmental matrices at concen...
As one type of the most widespread and long-lasting anthropogenic contaminants, microplastics have become a global environmental concern. While numerous studies have demonstrated effects of microplast...
A pot experiment was carried out in which aged polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) contaminated soil was amended with biochar, and three phases: earthworms, turnips and polyethylene (PE) passive samplers...
Introduction: Neuromotor losses are those that most affect the functionality of the elderly person. One of the preventive measures is the habit of practicing exercises regularly. Objective...
This is a prospective, multicenter, interventional, observational, open label, single arm, longitudinal evaluation of ventral incisional hernia repair using LTM in contaminated or infected...
The prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy has been reported in the range of 2-15%. Due to the severity of the complications related to asymptomatic bacteriuria in this pat...
The investigators' hypothesis is that placement of CollatampG in the subcutaneous layer of contaminated abdominal wounds is effective prophylaxis for superficial surgical site infection (S...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a short term programme with internet research on the frequency of skin exchange and guided imagery modification is effective in the treat...
A class of annelid worms with few setae per segment. It includes the earthworms such as Lumbricus and Eisenia.
A species of parasitic nematode that is the largest found in the human intestine. Its distribution is worldwide, but it is more prevalent in areas of poor sanitation. Human infection with A. lumbricoides is acquired by swallowing fully embryonated eggs from contaminated soil.
Substances which pollute the soil. Use for soil pollutants in general or for which there is no specific heading.
A plasticizer used in most plastics and found in water, air, soil, plants and animals. It may have some adverse effects with long-term exposure.
A factor associated with the well-being of living organisms that is used as a measure of environmental change and or influence. For example, aldehyde dehydrogenase expression in earthworm tissue is used as an indication of heavy metal pollution in soils. Distinguish from BIOMARKERS.
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...
Stress is caused by your perception of situations around you and then the reaction of your body to them. The automatic stress response to unexpected events is known as 'fight or flight'. Discovered by Walter Cannon in 1932, it is the release of h...